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Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment

Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment PDF Author: Michael A Bishop
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780195162295
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 205

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Book Description
Bishop & Trout present a new approach to epistemoloy, aiming to liberate the subject from the 'scholastic' debates of analytic philosophy. Rather, they wish to treat epistemology as a branch of the philosophy of science.

Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment

Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment PDF Author: Michael A Bishop
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780195162295
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 205

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Book Description
Bishop & Trout present a new approach to epistemoloy, aiming to liberate the subject from the 'scholastic' debates of analytic philosophy. Rather, they wish to treat epistemology as a branch of the philosophy of science.

Intellectual Agency and Virtue Epistemology: A Montessori Perspective

Intellectual Agency and Virtue Epistemology: A Montessori Perspective PDF Author: Patrick Frierson
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 135001883X
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Book Description
Drawing on the work of Maria Montessori and contemporary virtue epistemologists such as Linda Zagzebski and Jason Baehr, Intellectual Agency and Virtue Epistemology presents a new interpretation of the nature of intellectual agency and its associated virtues. Focusing on Montessori's interpretation of specific virtues including sensory attentiveness, intellectual love and intellectual humility, it discusses why these are virtues, why one can be held responsible for them, and how they relate to each other. Moreover, it considers pedagogical implications of considering these capacities to be virtues. Intellectual Agency and Virtue Epistemology not only reveals the value of seeing Montessori as a virtue epistemologist, it encourages educationalists to take seriously the cultivation of intellectual virtues as an important part of the education of children.

Social Epistemology and Epistemic Agency

Social Epistemology and Epistemic Agency PDF Author: Patrick J. Reider
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1783483490
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 224

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Book Description
This book offers a comprehensive overview of the arguments relating to the extent and manner to which social influences enable epistemic agents.

A Companion to Applied Philosophy

A Companion to Applied Philosophy PDF Author: Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118869133
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 664

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Book Description
Applied philosophy has been a growing area of research for the last 40 years. Until now, however, almost all of this research has been centered around the field of ethics. A Companion to Applied Philosophy breaks new ground, demonstrating that all areasof philosophy, including epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of science, and philosophy of mind, can be applied, and are relevant to questions of everyday life. This perennial topic in philosophy provides an overview of these various applied philosophy developments, highlighting similarities and differences between various areas of applied philosophy, and examining the very nature of this topic. It is an area to which many of the towering figures in the history of philosophy have contributed, and this timely Companion demonstrates how various historical contributions are actually contributions within applied philosophy, even if they are not traditionally seen as such. The Companion contains 42 essays covering major areas of philosophy; the articles themselves are all original contributions to the literature and represent the state of the art on this topic, as well as offering a map to the current debates.

Naturalized Epistemology and Philosophy of Science

Naturalized Epistemology and Philosophy of Science PDF Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9401204365
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 196

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Book Description
Much has happened in the field of contemporary epistemology since Quine’s “Epistemology Naturalized” was published in 1969. Even before Ronald Giere published his article “Philosophy of Science Naturalized,” naturalized philosophy of science had been influenced by the so-called historical approach. Kuhm, Lakatos, Feyerabend and Laudan all contributed importantly to this trend. In this light it has emerged, without a doubt, that philosophy of science is closely related to epistemology. This volume explores some of the relevant relations and will be of interest to epistemologists and philosophers of science.

Epistemic Evaluation

Epistemic Evaluation PDF Author: David K. Henderson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191062561
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Book Description
Epistemic Evaluation aims to explore and apply a particular methodology in epistemology. The methodology is to consider the point(s) or purpose(s) of our epistemic evaluations, and to pursue epistemological theory in light of such matters. Call this purposeful epistemology. The idea is that considerations about the point and purpose of epistemic evaluation might fruitfully constrain epistemological theory and yield insights for epistemological reflection. Several contributions to this volume explicitly address this general methodology, or some version of it. Others focus on advancing some application of the methodology rather than on theorizing about it. The papers go on to explore the idea that purposes allow one to understand the conceptual demands on knowing, examine how purposeful epistemology might shed light on the debate between internalist and externalist epistemologies, and further develop the idea of purposeful epistemology.

Social Epistemology and Relativism

Social Epistemology and Relativism PDF Author: Natalie Alana Ashton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429581270
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 222

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Book Description
This is the first book to explore the connections and interactions between social epistemology and epistemic relativism. The essays in the volume are organized around three distinct philosophical approaches to this topic: 1) foundational questions concerning deep disagreement, the variability of epistemic norms, and the relationship between relativism and reliabilism; 2) the role of relativistic themes in feminist social epistemology; and 3) the relationship between the sociology of knowledge, philosophy of science, and social epistemology. Recent trends in social epistemology seek to rectify earlier work that conceptualized cognitive achievements primarily on the level of isolated individuals. Relativism insists that epistemic judgements or beliefs are justified or unjustified only relative to systems of standards—there is not neutral way of adjudicating between them. By bringing together these two strands of epistemology, this volume offers unique perspectives on a number of central epistemological questions. Social Epistemology and Relativism will be of interest to researchers working in epistemology, feminist philosophy, and the sociology of knowledge.

Knowing Our Limits

Knowing Our Limits PDF Author: Nathan Ballantyne
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019084728X
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 344

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Book Description
Changing our minds isn't easy. Even when we recognize our views are disputed by intelligent and informed people, we rarely doubt our rightness. Why is this so? How can we become more open-minded, putting ourselves in a better position to tolerate conflict, advance collective inquiry, and learn from differing perspectives in a complex world? Nathan Ballantyne defends the indispensable role of epistemology in tackling these issues. For early modern philosophers, the point of reflecting on inquiry was to understand how our beliefs are often distorted by prejudice and self-interest, and to improve the foundations of human knowledge. Ballantyne seeks to recover and modernize this classical tradition by vigorously defending an interdisciplinary approach to epistemology, blending philosophical theorizing with insights from the social and cognitive sciences. Many of us need tools to help us think more circumspectly about our controversial views. Ballantyne develops a method for distinguishing between our reasonable and unreasonable opinions, in light of evidence about bias, information overload, and rival experts. This method guides us to greater intellectual openness--in the spirit of skeptics from Socrates to Montaigne to Bertrand Russell--making us more inclined to admit that sometimes we don't have the right answers. With vibrant prose and fascinating examples from science and history, Ballantyne shows how epistemology can help us know our limits.

Epistemic Reasons, Norms and Goals

Epistemic Reasons, Norms and Goals PDF Author: Martin Grajner
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110496763
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 462

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Book Description
In recent years, questions about epistemic reasons, norms and goals have seen an upsurge of interest. The present volume brings together eighteen essays by established and upcoming philosophers in the field. The contributions are arranged into four sections: (1) epistemic reasons, (2) epistemic norms, (3) epistemic consequentialism and (4) epistemic goals and values. The volume is key reading for researchers interested in epistemic normativity.

On Folk Epistemology

On Folk Epistemology PDF Author: Mikkel Gerken
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198803451
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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Book Description
On Folk Epistemology explores how we ascribe knowledge to ourselves and others. Empirical evidence suggests that we do so early and often in thought as well as in talk. Since knowledge ascriptions are central to how we navigate social life, it is important to understand our basis for making them. A central claim of the book is that factors that have nothing to do with knowledge may lead to systematic mistakes in everyday ascriptions of knowledge. These mistakes are explained by an empirically informed account of how ordinary knowledge ascriptions are the product of cognitive heuristics that are associated with biases. In developing this account, Mikkel Gerken presents work in cognitive psychology and pragmatics, while also contributing to epistemology. For example, Gerken develops positive epistemic norms of action and assertion and moreover, critically assesses contextualism, knowledge-first methodology, pragmatic encroachment theories and more. Many of these approaches are argued to overestimate the epistemological significance of folk epistemology. In contrast, this volume develops an equilibristic methodology according to which intuitive judgments about knowledge cannot straightforwardly play a role as data for epistemological theorizing. Rather, critical epistemological theorizing is required to interpret empirical findings. Consequently, On Folk Epistemology helps to lay the foundation for an emerging sub-field that intersects philosophy and the cognitive sciences: The empirical study of folk epistemology.