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Statics and Influence Functions - from a Modern Perspective

Statics and Influence Functions - from a Modern Perspective PDF Author: Friedel Hartmann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319512226
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 345

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Book Description
The book teaches engineers many new things about a classical topic which suddenly is again in the center of interest because of its relevance for finite element analysis, for the accuracy of computational methods. It shows that influence functions play a fundamental role in the finite element analysis of structures and practically all of linear computational mechanics. It also strives to add new and important insights into modern structural analysis and into computational mechanics by establishing the central role of influence functions for the numerical analysis and to lay a new foundation to the energy and variational principles.

Statics and Influence Functions - from a Modern Perspective

Statics and Influence Functions - from a Modern Perspective PDF Author: Friedel Hartmann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319512226
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 345

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Book Description
The book teaches engineers many new things about a classical topic which suddenly is again in the center of interest because of its relevance for finite element analysis, for the accuracy of computational methods. It shows that influence functions play a fundamental role in the finite element analysis of structures and practically all of linear computational mechanics. It also strives to add new and important insights into modern structural analysis and into computational mechanics by establishing the central role of influence functions for the numerical analysis and to lay a new foundation to the energy and variational principles.

Statics and Influence Functions

Statics and Influence Functions PDF Author: BE-STATIK
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030558894
Category : Building
Languages : en
Pages : 464

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Book Description
This extended and revised second edition is intended for engineering students and researchers working with finite element methods in structural and mechanical analysis. Discussing numerical structural analysis from first mechanical and mathematical principles, it establishes the central role of influence functions (Green's functions) in linear computational mechanics. The main features of the book are mentioned below. · Introducing Green's first and second identity as the core theorems of statics and mechanics. Formulation of the variational and energy principles of mechanics with an emphasis on the computational aspects and on the qualitative features of variational solutions. · Derivation of influence functions from duality principles, the distinction between weak and strong influence functions, the difference between monopoles and dipoles and how amputated dipoles lead to singularities, and how singularities on the boundary pollute the solution inside the domain - an unavoidable effect in 2-D and 3-D. · A detailed discussion of the various features of the finite element method and the key role of the notion of "shake-equivalence" as originally introduced by Turner et alt. Establishing that in linear finite element analysis the accuracy depends on the accuracy of the influence functions. Introducing Betti extended as a core theorem of finite element analysis. · A systematic treatment of the role which Green's functions play in reanalysis, sensitivity analysis, parameter identification and in optimization. Explaining why averaging material parameters succeeds and how local stiffness changes can be identified with the action of equilibrium forces f+. · Presenting a new technique, one-click reanalysis, which allows to make modifications to a structure by clicking on single elements and seeing directly the new shape, bypassing the need to solve the modified system. · Four programs for the solution of the Poisson equation, 2-D elasticity, plate-bending problems and planar frames are offered for download in this second edition. These are all-purpose programs but with a particular emphasis on influence functions. The frame program also demonstrates one-click reanalysis.

Modern Applied U-Statistics

Modern Applied U-Statistics PDF Author: Jeanne Kowalski
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470186459
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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Book Description
A timely and applied approach to the newly discovered methods and applications of U-statistics Built on years of collaborative research and academic experience, Modern Applied U-Statistics successfully presents a thorough introduction to the theory of U-statistics using in-depth examples and applications that address contemporary areas of study including biomedical and psychosocial research. Utilizing a "learn by example" approach, this book provides an accessible, yet in-depth, treatment of U-statistics, as well as addresses key concepts in asymptotic theory by integrating translational and cross-disciplinary research. The authors begin with an introduction of the essential and theoretical foundations of U-statistics such as the notion of convergence in probability and distribution, basic convergence results, stochastic Os, inference theory, generalized estimating equations, as well as the definition and asymptotic properties of U-statistics. With an emphasis on nonparametric applications when and where applicable, the authors then build upon this established foundation in order to equip readers with the knowledge needed to understand the modern-day extensions of U-statistics that are explored in subsequent chapters. Additional topical coverage includes: Longitudinal data modeling with missing data Parametric and distribution-free mixed-effect and structural equation models A new multi-response based regression framework for non-parametric statistics such as the product moment correlation, Kendall's tau, and Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon rank tests A new class of U-statistic-based estimating equations (UBEE) for dependent responses Motivating examples, in-depth illustrations of statistical and model-building concepts, and an extensive discussion of longitudinal study designs strengthen the real-world utility and comprehension of this book. An accompanying Web site features SAS? and S-Plus? program codes, software applications, and additional study data. Modern Applied U-Statistics accommodates second- and third-year students of biostatistics at the graduate level and also serves as an excellent self-study for practitioners in the fields of bioinformatics and psychosocial research.

Modern Experimental Design

Modern Experimental Design PDF Author: Thomas P. Ryan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470074345
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 624

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Book Description
A complete and well-balanced introduction to modern experimental design Using current research and discussion of the topic along with clear applications, Modern Experimental Design highlights the guiding role of statistical principles in experimental design construction. This text can serve as both an applied introduction as well as a concise review of the essential types of experimental designs and their applications. Topical coverage includes designs containing one or multiple factors, designs with at least one blocking factor, split-unit designs and their variations as well as supersaturated and Plackett-Burman designs. In addition, the text contains extensive treatment of: Conditional effects analysis as a proposed general method of analysis Multiresponse optimization Space-filling designs, including Latin hypercube and uniform designs Restricted regions of operability and debarred observations Analysis of Means (ANOM) used to analyze data from various types of designs The application of available software, including Design-Expert, JMP, and MINITAB This text provides thorough coverage of the topic while also introducing the reader to new approaches. Using a large number of references with detailed analyses of datasets, Modern Experimental Design works as a well-rounded learning tool for beginners as well as a valuable resource for practitioners.

Robust Statistics

Robust Statistics PDF Author: Frank R. Hampel
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118150686
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 502

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Book Description
The Wiley-Interscience Paperback Series consists of selectedbooks that have been made more accessible to consumers in an effortto increase global appeal and general circulation. With these newunabridged softcover volumes, Wiley hopes to extend the lives ofthese works by making them available to future generations ofstatisticians, mathematicians, and scientists. "This is a nice book containing a wealth of information, much ofit due to the authors. . . . If an instructor designing such acourse wanted a textbook, this book would be the best choiceavailable. . . . There are many stimulating exercises, and the bookalso contains an excellent index and an extensive list ofreferences." —Technometrics "[This] book should be read carefully by anyone who isinterested in dealing with statistical models in a realisticfashion." —American Scientist Introducing concepts, theory, and applications, RobustStatistics is accessible to a broad audience, avoidingallusions to high-powered mathematics while emphasizing ideas,heuristics, and background. The text covers the approach based onthe influence function (the effect of an outlier on an estimater,for example) and related notions such as the breakdown point. Italso treats the change-of-variance function, fundamental conceptsand results in the framework of estimation of a single parameter,and applications to estimation of covariance matrices andregression parameters.

Statistics in the 21st Century

Statistics in the 21st Century PDF Author: Martin A. Tanner
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420035398
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 576

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Book Description
Exactly what is the state of the art in statistics as we move forward into the 21st century? What promises, what trends does its future hold? Through the reflections of 70 of the world's leading statistical methodologists, researchers, theorists, and practitioners, Statistics in the 21st Century answers those questions. Originally published in the Journal of the American Statistical Association, this collection of vignettes examines our statistical past, comments on our present, and speculates on our future. Although the coverage is broad and the topics diverse, it reveals the essential intellectual unity of the field as we see the same themes recurring in different contexts. We see how the development of statistics has been driven by the unprecedented and still growing range of applications, by the explosion in computer technology, and by the new types of data that continue to emerge and advance the discipline. Organized around major areas of application and leading up to vignettes on theory and methods, Statistics in the 21st Century forms a landmark record of the progress and perceived future of the discipline. No student, researcher, or practitioner of statistics should miss this extraordinary opportunity to view the past, present, and future world of statistics through the eyes of its foremost thinkers.

Longitudinal Data Analysis

Longitudinal Data Analysis PDF Author: Donald Hedeker
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470036478
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 360

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Book Description
Longitudinal data analysis for biomedical and behavioral sciences This innovative book sets forth and describes methods for the analysis of longitudinaldata, emphasizing applications to problems in the biomedical and behavioral sciences. Reflecting the growing importance and use of longitudinal data across many areas of research, the text is designed to help users of statistics better analyze and understand this type of data. Much of the material from the book grew out of a course taught by Dr. Hedeker on longitudinal data analysis. The material is, therefore, thoroughly classroom tested and includes a number of features designed to help readers better understand and apply the material. Statistical procedures featured within the text include: * Repeated measures analysis of variance * Multivariate analysis of variance for repeated measures * Random-effects regression models (RRM) * Covariance-pattern models * Generalized-estimating equations (GEE) models * Generalizations of RRM and GEE for categorical outcomes Practical in their approach, the authors emphasize the applications of the methods, using real-world examples for illustration. Some syntax examples are provided, although the authors do not generally focus on software in this book. Several datasets and computer syntax examples are posted on this title's companion Web site. The authors intend to keep the syntax examples current as new versions of the software programs emerge. This text is designed for both undergraduate and graduate courses in longitudinal data analysis. Instructors can take advantage of overheads and additional course materials available online for adopters. Applied statisticians in biomedicine and the social sciences can also use the book as a convenient reference.

A User's Guide to Principal Components

A User's Guide to Principal Components PDF Author: J. Edward Jackson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471725323
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 592

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Book Description
WILEY-INTERSCIENCE PAPERBACK SERIES The Wiley-Interscience Paperback Series consists of selectedbooks that have been made more accessible to consumers in an effortto increase global appeal and general circulation. With these newunabridged softcover volumes, Wiley hopes to extend the lives ofthese works by making them available to future generations ofstatisticians, mathematicians, and scientists. From the Reviews of A User’s Guide to PrincipalComponents "The book is aptly and correctly named–A User’sGuide. It is the kind of book that a user at any level, novice orskilled practitioner, would want to have at hand for autotutorial,for refresher, or as a general-purpose guide through the maze ofmodern PCA." –Technometrics "I recommend A User’s Guide to Principal Components toanyone who is running multivariate analyses, or who contemplatesperforming such analyses. Those who write their own software willfind the book helpful in designing better programs. Those who useoff-the-shelf software will find it invaluable in interpreting theresults." –Mathematical Geology

Nonparametric Statistics with Applications to Science and Engineering

Nonparametric Statistics with Applications to Science and Engineering PDF Author: Paul H. Kvam
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470168691
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 448

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Book Description
A thorough and definitive book that fully addresses traditional and modern-day topics of nonparametric statistics This book presents a practical approach to nonparametric statistical analysis and provides comprehensive coverage of both established and newly developed methods. With the use of MATLAB, the authors present information on theorems and rank tests in an applied fashion, with an emphasis on modern methods in regression and curve fitting, bootstrap confidence intervals, splines, wavelets, empirical likelihood, and goodness-of-fit testing. Nonparametric Statistics with Applications to Science and Engineering begins with succinct coverage of basic results for order statistics, methods of categorical data analysis, nonparametric regression, and curve fitting methods. The authors then focus on nonparametric procedures that are becoming more relevant to engineering researchers and practitioners. The important fundamental materials needed to effectively learn and apply the discussed methods are also provided throughout the book. Complete with exercise sets, chapter reviews, and a related Web site that features downloadable MATLAB applications, this book is an essential textbook for graduate courses in engineering and the physical sciences and also serves as a valuable reference for researchers who seek a more comprehensive understanding of modern nonparametric statistical methods.

Applied Bayesian Modeling and Causal Inference from Incomplete-Data Perspectives

Applied Bayesian Modeling and Causal Inference from Incomplete-Data Perspectives PDF Author: Andrew Gelman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470090435
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 440

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Book Description
This book brings together a collection of articles on statistical methods relating to missing data analysis, including multiple imputation, propensity scores, instrumental variables, and Bayesian inference. Covering new research topics and real-world examples which do not feature in many standard texts. The book is dedicated to Professor Don Rubin (Harvard). Don Rubin has made fundamental contributions to the study of missing data. Key features of the book include: Comprehensive coverage of an imporant area for both research and applications. Adopts a pragmatic approach to describing a wide range of intermediate and advanced statistical techniques. Covers key topics such as multiple imputation, propensity scores, instrumental variables and Bayesian inference. Includes a number of applications from the social and health sciences. Edited and authored by highly respected researchers in the area.