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Chinese Hegemony

Chinese Hegemony PDF Author: Feng Zhang
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804795045
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 280

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Book Description
Chinese Hegemony: Grand Strategy and International Institutions in East Asian History joins a rapidly growing body of important literature that combines history and International Relations theory to create new perspectives on East Asian political and strategic behavior. The book explores the strategic and institutional dynamics of international relations in East Asian history when imperial China was the undisputed regional hegemon, focusing in depth on two central aspects of Chinese hegemony at the time: the grand strategies China and its neighbors adopted in their strategic interactions, and the international institutions they engaged in to maintain regional order—including but not limited to the tribute system. Feng Zhang draws on both Chinese and Western intellectual traditions to develop a relational theory of grand strategy and fundamental institutions in regional relations. The theory is evaluated with three case studies of Sino-Korean, Sino-Japanese, and Sino-Mongol relations during China's early Ming dynasty—when a type of Confucian expressive strategy was an essential feature of regional relations. He then explores the policy implications of this relational model for understanding and analyzing contemporary China's rise and the changing East Asian order. The book suggests some historical lessons for understanding contemporary Chinese foreign policy and considers the possibility of a more relational and cooperative Chinese strategy in the future.

Chinese Hegemony

Chinese Hegemony PDF Author: Feng Zhang
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804795045
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 280

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Book Description
Chinese Hegemony: Grand Strategy and International Institutions in East Asian History joins a rapidly growing body of important literature that combines history and International Relations theory to create new perspectives on East Asian political and strategic behavior. The book explores the strategic and institutional dynamics of international relations in East Asian history when imperial China was the undisputed regional hegemon, focusing in depth on two central aspects of Chinese hegemony at the time: the grand strategies China and its neighbors adopted in their strategic interactions, and the international institutions they engaged in to maintain regional order—including but not limited to the tribute system. Feng Zhang draws on both Chinese and Western intellectual traditions to develop a relational theory of grand strategy and fundamental institutions in regional relations. The theory is evaluated with three case studies of Sino-Korean, Sino-Japanese, and Sino-Mongol relations during China's early Ming dynasty—when a type of Confucian expressive strategy was an essential feature of regional relations. He then explores the policy implications of this relational model for understanding and analyzing contemporary China's rise and the changing East Asian order. The book suggests some historical lessons for understanding contemporary Chinese foreign policy and considers the possibility of a more relational and cooperative Chinese strategy in the future.

Hegemony with Chinese Characteristics

Hegemony with Chinese Characteristics PDF Author: Asım Doğan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000373533
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 160

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Book Description
Hegemony with Chinese Characteristics compares the historical relationship of China with its neighbours to the developing trajectory of the Belt and Road Initiative, and asks what this tells us about the kind of hegemon China is likely to become. China is going to play a more active and decisive role in the international community and there is much uncertainty about how China will handle its responsibilities and interests. The ambiguous and assertive Belt and Road Initiative is a matter of special concern in this aspect. The Tributary System, which provides concrete evidence of how Chinese dynasties handled relations with foreigners, is a useful reference point in trying to understand its twenty-first century developments. This is particularly true, because after the turbulence of the "Century of Humiliation" and the Maoist Era, China seems to be explicitly re-embracing its history and its pre-revolutionary identity. Confucius, one of the biggest targets of the Cultural Revolution, is being rehabilitated alongside Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism and other ideologies and philosophies suppressed in the Mao era. Doğan analyzes the extent to which China’s current approach to foreign relations resembles its earlier models. Grounded in "hegemony" as an analytic lens, this book provides an innovative study of the power generated by the global rise in China. It will be a valuable resource for scholars and students of Chinese foreign policy and international relations and serve as a benchmark for further studies.

China's Hegemony

China's Hegemony PDF Author: Ji-Young Lee
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231542178
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288

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Book Description
Many have viewed the tribute system as China's tool for projecting its power and influence in East Asia, treating other actors as passive recipients of Chinese domination. China's Hegemony sheds new light on this system and shows that the international order of Asia's past was not as Sinocentric as conventional wisdom suggests. Instead, throughout the early modern period, Chinese hegemony was accepted, defied, and challenged by its East Asian neighbors at different times, depending on these leaders' strategies for legitimacy among their populations. This book demonstrates that Chinese hegemony and hierarchy were not just an outcome of China's military power or Confucian culture but were constructed while interacting with other, less powerful actors' domestic political needs, especially in conjunction with internal power struggles. Focusing on China-Korea-Japan dynamics of East Asian international politics during the Ming and High Qing periods, Ji-Young Lee draws on extensive research of East Asian language sources, including records written by Chinese and Korean tributary envoys. She offers fascinating and rich details of war and peace in Asian international relations, addressing questions such as: why Japan invaded Korea and fought a major war against the Sino-Korean coalition in the late sixteenth century; why Korea attempted to strike at the Ming empire militarily in the late fourteenth century; and how Japan created a miniature tributary order posing as the center of Asia in lieu of the Qing empire in the seventeenth century. By exploring these questions, Lee's in-depth study speaks directly to general international relations literature and concludes that hegemony in Asia was a domestic, as well as an international phenomenon with profound implications for the contemporary era.

Exit from Hegemony

Exit from Hegemony PDF Author: Alexander Cooley
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190916478
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Book Description
""We live in a period of uncertainty about the fate of American global leadership and the future of international order. The 2016 election of Donald Trump led many to pronounce the death, or at least terminal decline, of liberal international order - the system of institutions, rules, and values associated with the American-dominated international system. But the truth is that the unravelling of American global order began over a decade earlier. Exit from Hegemony develops an integrated approach to understanding the rise and decline of hegemonic orders. It calls attention to three drivers of transformation in contemporary order. First, great powers, most notably Russia and China, contest existing norms and values, while simultaneously building new spheres of international order through regional institutions. Second, the loss of the "patronage monopoly" once enjoyed by the United States and its allies allows weaker states to seek alternative providers of economic and military goods - providers who do not condition their support on compliance with liberal economic and political principles. Third, transnational counter-order movements, usually in the form of illiberal and right-wing nationalists, undermine support for liberal order and the American international system, including within the United States itself. Exit from Hegemony demonstrates that these broad sources of transformation - from above, below, and within - have transformed past international orders and undermine prior hegemonic powers. It provides evidence that that all three are, in the present, mutually reinforcing one another and, therefore, that the texture of world politics may be facing major changes""--

Party Hegemony and Entrepreneurial Power in China

Party Hegemony and Entrepreneurial Power in China PDF Author: Elena Meyer-Clement
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317423321
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 262

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Book Description
Economic liberalisation processes and the rapid development of the private sector are widely visible signs of over thirty years of reform policies in the People’s Republic of China. Nevertheless, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has managed to preserve the basic political institutions of the Leninist Party-state, including its own unrestrained position of political power. Against this background, this book investigates the interrelationship between processes of marketisation and commercialisation, and the stability of the CCP regime. The aim of the book is to complement existing literature on adaptive governance in China and on the reasons for the CCP regime’s relative stability, while providing new information about the relationship between the Chinese party-state and private entrepreneurs. Taking case studies from the film and music industries, the book gives a detailed account of the political and economic history of these industries in China, with special attention given to the role played by private production companies as intermediaries between artistic creation, political and ideological constraints, and the market. A historical institutionalist approach is employed to trace the effect of Chinese policies on popular culture and the institutions of administrative, economic, political and ideological control over the film and music industries back to the 1950s, revealing the mechanisms and prospects of CCP hegemony in the cultural sector. Examining the effects of the marketisation and commercialisation processes on the communist regime and vice versa, this book also offers a fresh perspective on the origins of today’s Chinese popular cultural mainstream. It will therefore be of great interest to students and scholars of Chinese politics, Chinese culture and media and Chinese government-business relations.

Great Powers and the Quest for Hegemony

Great Powers and the Quest for Hegemony PDF Author: Jeremy Black
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134157053
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 288

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Book Description
This timely book provides a general overview of Great Power politics and world order from 1500 to the present. Jeremy Black provides several historical case-studies, each of which throws light on both the power in question and the international system of the period, and how it had developed from the preceding period. The point of departure for this book is Paul Kennedy’s 1988 masterpiece, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers. That iconic book, with its enviable mastery of the sources and its skilful integration of political, military and economic history, was a great success when it appeared and has justifiably remained important since. Written during the Cold War, however, Kennedy’s study was very much of its time in its consideration of the great powers in ‘Western’ terms, and its emphasis on economics. This book brings together strategic studies, international relations, military history and geopolitics to answer some of the contemporary questions left open by Professor Kennedy's great work, and also looks to the future of great power relations and of US hegemony. Great Powers and the Quest for Hegemony will be of great interest to students of international relations, strategic studies and international history.

The Transformation of Political Communication in China

The Transformation of Political Communication in China PDF Author: Xiaoling Zhang
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814460729
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 248

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Book Description
This book examines different dynamics such as marketisation, globalisation and new media technologies that have driven the transformation of China's media industry — one of the primary battlegrounds where ideological, social and economic struggles are fought — against the backdrop of the growing tensions between economic growth, globalisation, and political control in China. Sample Chapter(s) Introduction (205 KB) Chapter 11: The Chinese Media in Historical Context (191 KB) Contents:IntroductionThe Chinese Media in Historical ContextUnleashed Forces at WorkManaging the Forces to Stay in Power with LegitimacyNegotiation between the Party-State and Media Organisations“Occupying the Commanding Heights”Conclusion: Chinese Media Reform between Control, Resistance and Negotiation Readership: Students of China/cultural/media studies, political science and history. Keywords:Chinese Communication;Media;Transformation;Political Reform;Negotiation;Hegemony;Legitimacy;Control;Anti-Hegemony;Marketisation;Globalisation;New Media Technologies;Gramsci;GovernanceKey Features:Proposes a new relationship characterised by negotiation between the state and the media as one of the major dynamics in China's media transformationPresents carefully chosen examples of control, resistance and negotiation between the Party-state and the media, ranging from the coverage of the outbreak of SARS in 2003, the earthquake in 2008, the Spring Festival TV Gala, to the latest use of new media technologiesProvides significant insight not only into the transformation of communications and media in China, but also into the nature of the ongoing political reform and the implications for the global flow of information, given that China is poised to become a global playerReviews: “The Transformation of Political Communication in China is a must-read for students of both Chinese politics and the Chinese media. Xiaoling Zhang offers a theoretically engaged and empirically rich account of the fraught and dynamic processes of control, negotiation and power struggle. Integrating critical analysis with detailed case studies, the book approaches the communication system in China from historical, institutional and policy-making perspectives, painting a vivid and convincing picture of the symbiotic and complex relationship between politics, media and governmentality. Zhang's work will lead us towards a more sophisticated and nuanced understanding of how power and political control work in China.” Wanning Sun Professor of Chinese Media Studies University of Technology Sydney “In this well-researched book, Dr Xiaoling Zhang examines great driving forces behind the transformation of China's media industry such as marketization, globalisation and new media technologies, and how this transformation has generated the growing tensions between economic growth, globalisation and political control. The book provides the reader with a vivid picture of how the battle between the Chinese Communist Party and social forces is being fought. Dr Zhang has made a great scholarly contribution not only to the field of media studies, but also to other fields such as sociology and political science. I am sure that the book will certainly deepen our understanding of contemporary China.” Zheng Yongnian Director, East Asian Institute National University of Singapore

America's Allies and the Decline of US Hegemony

America's Allies and the Decline of US Hegemony PDF Author: Justin Massie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429535740
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 232

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Book Description
How do America’s democratic allies perceive and respond to a relative decline in US power and influence and the simultaneous rise of China? Using the case-studies of Europe, the UK, Australia, Canada, Japan and South East Asian countries, this book offers a broad assessment of the perceptions of threat and the strategies used by these allies to cope with the relative decline of America’s hegemonic power, the rise of China and the transforming world order. In answering these central questions, contributors focus on two complementary analytical approaches. The first examines the perceptions of systemic changes by America’s allies: how are US allies framing this issue and what kind of political discourse is emerging with regards to it? The second approach focuses on the concrete foreign policy and defence strategies put forward by these allies. The book explores the extent to which US allies are willing to support US hegemony and considers the democratic allies’ understanding of the international structure, their relations to the United States, and their own aspirations in this changing world order. This book will be of interest to general readers as well as scholars and students of US foreign policy, foreign policy analysis and International Relations.

Hegemonic Transition

Hegemonic Transition PDF Author: Florian Böller
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030745058
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 298

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Book Description
This book offers an assessment of the ongoing transformation of hegemonic order and its domestic and international politics. The current international order is in crisis. Under the Trump administration, the USA has ceased to unequivocally support the institutions it helped to foster. China’s power surge, contestation by smaller states, and the West’s internal struggle with populism and economic discontent have undermined the liberal order from outside and from within. While the diagnosis of a crisis is hardly new, its sources, scope, and underlying politics are still up for debate. Our reading of hegemony diverges from a static concept, toward a focus on the dynamic politics of hegemonic ordering. This perspective includes the domestic support and demand for specific hegemonic goods, the contestation and backing by other actors within distinct layers of hegemonic orders, and the underlying bargaining between the hegemon and subordinate actors. The case studies in this book thus investigate hegemonic politics across regimes (e.g., trade and security), regions (e.g., Asia, Europe, and Global South), and actors (e.g., major powers and smaller states).

Undermining American Hegemony

Undermining American Hegemony PDF Author: Morten Skumsrud Andersen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108957404
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Advancing a new approach to the study of international order, this book highlights the stakes disguised by traditional theoretical languages of power transitions and hegemonic wars. Rather than direct challenges to US military power, the most consequential undermining of hegemony is routine, bottom-up processes of international goods substitution: a slow hollowing out of the existing order through competition to seek or offer alternative sources for economic, military, or social goods. Studying how actors gain access to alternative suppliers of these public goods, this volume shows how states consequently move away from the liberal international order. Examining unfamiliar – but crucial – cases, it takes the reader on a journey from local Faroese politics, to Russian election observers in Central Asia, to South American drug lords. Broadening the debate about the role of public goods in international politics, this book offers a new perspective of one of the key issues of our time.