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English Discourse Particles

English Discourse Particles PDF Author: Karin Aijmer
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9781588112842
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 326

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Book Description
There are few aspects of language which are more problematic than its discourse particles. The present study of discourse particles draws upon data from the London-Lund Corpus to show how the methods and tools of corpora can sharpen their description. The first part of the book provides a picture of the state of the art in discourse particle studies and introduces the theory and methodology for the analysis in the second part of the book. Discourse particles are analysed as elements which have been grammaticalised and as a result have certain properties and uses. The importance of linguistic and contextual cues such as text type, position in the discourse, prosody and collocation for analysing discourse particles is illustrated. The following chapters deal with specific discourse particles ("now," "oh, just, sort of, and that sort of thing, actually") on the basis of their empirical analysis in the London-Lund Corpus. Examples and extended extracts from many different text types are provided to illustrate what discourse particles are doing in discourse.

English Discourse Particles

English Discourse Particles PDF Author: Karin Aijmer
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9781588112842
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 326

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Book Description
There are few aspects of language which are more problematic than its discourse particles. The present study of discourse particles draws upon data from the London-Lund Corpus to show how the methods and tools of corpora can sharpen their description. The first part of the book provides a picture of the state of the art in discourse particle studies and introduces the theory and methodology for the analysis in the second part of the book. Discourse particles are analysed as elements which have been grammaticalised and as a result have certain properties and uses. The importance of linguistic and contextual cues such as text type, position in the discourse, prosody and collocation for analysing discourse particles is illustrated. The following chapters deal with specific discourse particles ("now," "oh, just, sort of, and that sort of thing, actually") on the basis of their empirical analysis in the London-Lund Corpus. Examples and extended extracts from many different text types are provided to illustrate what discourse particles are doing in discourse.

Discourse Particles

Discourse Particles PDF Author: Xabier Artiagoitia
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027257760
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 258

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Book Description
Discourse particles have often been treated as a phenomenon restricted to Germanic languages (Abraham 2020) and they still raise questions about their nature as an independent category. This book reveals that this phenomenon exists in other languages as well, and provides evidence for their nature as a separate category. The volume brings together a collection of nine papers that focus on three research topics: a) the diachronic development of discourse particles; b) their syntactic analysis; and c) the study of their semantic-pragmatics. Furthermore, it also discusses other issues less often dealt with in the literature but of great interest for linguistic theory, such as the acquisition of discourse particles by children or the analysis of elements not usually considered discourse particles but whose historical path or microvariation indicates otherwise. Additionally, the book offers a cross-linguistic perspective as it discusses various languages including Basque, Catalan, German, Italian, Laz, Mandarin Chinese, Old English, Portuguese, and Spanish.

Discourse Particles

Discourse Particles PDF Author: Josef Bayer
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110497158
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 340

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Book Description
Particles have for the longest time been ignored by linguistic research. School-type grammars ignored them since they did not fit into pre-conceived notions of categories, and since they did not seem to enter into grammatical relations commonly discussed in the genre. Only in the last century did some publications discuss particles – and even then only from the perspective of their discourse and pragmatic functions, i.e. their dependance on certain previous contexts, and concluded that the function of particles for the grammar of sentences and their interpretation remains obscure. The current volume presents 11 new articles that take a fresh look at particles: As it turns out, particles inform many aspects of syntax and semantics, too – both diachronically and synchronically: Particles are shown to have fascinating syntactic properties with respect to projection, locality, movement and scope. Their interpretative contributions can be studied with the rigorous methods of formal semantics. Cross-linguistic and diachronic investigations shed new light on the genesis and development of these intriguing – and under-estimated – kinds of lexical elements.

Discourse Markers in Native and Non-native English Discourse

Discourse Markers in Native and Non-native English Discourse PDF Author: Simone Müller
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027253811
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Book Description
While discourse markers have been examined in some detail, little is known about their usage by non-native speakers. This book provides valuable insights into the functions of four discourse markers (so, well, you know and like) in native and non-native English discourse, adding to both discourse marker literature and to studies in the pragmatics of learner language. It presents a thorough analysis on the basis of a substantial parallel corpus of spoken language. In this corpus, American students who are native speakers of English and German non-native speakers of English retell and discuss a silent movie. Each of the main chapters of the book is dedicated to one discourse marker, giving a detailed analysis of the functions this discourse marker fulfills in the corpus and a quantitative comparison between the two speaker groups. The book also develops a two-level model of discourse marker functions comprising a textual and an interactional level.

On discourse particles and their status in the English language

On discourse particles and their status in the English language PDF Author: Anonym
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3668536333
Category : Literary Collections
Languages : en
Pages : 45

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Book Description
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2017 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2,7, University of Göttingen, language: English, abstract: The present paper compares the representations of “discourse particles” in the German and English language. In the first part of this study Zimmermann ́s definition of the German “discourse particles” is outlined and complemented with results from studies by Thurmair (1989), Bublitz (1978), Waltereit (2001) and others that also worked on German discourse particles and put in contrast to concepts of words carrying discourse function in the English language. The study thereby focuses on the prototypical group of words that assume discourse function in the two languages, German modal particles and English discourse markers and illustrates its findings with two of their most prototypical representatives, German wohl and English actually. Both groups are compared in terminology, categorisation and in their morphological, semantic, pragmatic, and syntactic features. Switching from synchronic to diachronic perspective, the study also traces their historical development and it is shown, how these functions developed. In course of this study, it is briefly referred to less prototypical ways of expressing discourse function and it is detected, that there are German particles, that seem to resemble English discourse markers and vice versa. Furthermore, it is touched upon the semantic‐pragmatic dispute on how to detect their meaning and it is referred to their role out of a sociolinguistic perspective. Comparing the German and the English concept of “discourse particles”, the study is interested in prototypical behaviour and therefore chooses the most common approaches and terminology. Later on in the study, in chapter 2.3.3, it also takes into account less common uses.

Discourse Markers and Modal Particles

Discourse Markers and Modal Particles PDF Author: Liesbeth Degand
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027271224
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 239

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Book Description
Discourse markers and modal particles are fuzzy linguistic categories that are difficult to describe. The contributions in this volume go beyond this statement. They discuss the intersection between modal particles and discourse markers and examine whether or not it is possible to draw a line between these two types of linguistic expressions. On the basis of new synchronic and diachronic data, from speech and writing, from European and Asian languages or cross-linguistically, the authors answer the question whether discourse markers and modal particles are distinct categories, whether they form a cline, or whether modal particles are a subcategory of discourse markers. This common question shows up throughout all chapters, which makes the book to a coherent whole. By disentangling the complexity of categorizing multifunctional expressions, this book also sheds new light on the processes of meaning extension. The traditional discourse and modal functions are complemented by interactional and textual ones. A must read for functional linguists.

The Rise of Discourse Markers

The Rise of Discourse Markers PDF Author: Bernd Heine
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108833853
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 321

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Book Description
This pioneering study highlights the importance in linguistic communication of discourse markers, a previously neglected area of research.

Beyond Grammaticalization and Discourse Markers

Beyond Grammaticalization and Discourse Markers PDF Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004375422
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 427

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Book Description
Beyond Grammaticalization and Discourse Markers offers a comprehensive account of the most promising new directions in the field of grammaticalization. From major theoretical issues to hardly addressed experimental questions, this volume explores new ways to expand – or challenge – current ideas on grammaticalization.

Pragmatic Markers, Discourse Markers and Modal Particles

Pragmatic Markers, Discourse Markers and Modal Particles PDF Author: Chiara Fedriani
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027265496
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 504

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Book Description
This book offers new perspectives into the description of the form, meaning and function of Pragmatic Markers, Discourse Markers and Modal Particles in a number of different languages, along with new methods for identifying their ‘prototypical’ instances in situated language contexts, often based on cross-linguistic comparisons. The papers collected in this volume also discuss different factors at play in processes of grammaticalization and pragmaticalization, which include contact-induced change and pragmatic borrowing, socio-interactional functional pressures and sociopragmatic indexicalities, constraints of cognitive processing, together with regularities in semantic change. Putting the traditional issues concerning the status, delimitation and categorization of Pragmatic Markers, Discourse Markers and Modal Particles somewhat off the stage, the eighteen articles collected in this volume deal instead with general questions concerning the development and use of such procedural elements, explored from different approaches, both formal and functional, and from a variety of perspectives – including corpus-based, sociolinguistic, and contrastive perspectives – and offering language-specific synchronic and diachronic studies.

Discourse Markers

Discourse Markers PDF Author: Andreas H. Jucker
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027250715
Category : Fiction
Languages : en
Pages : 377

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Book Description
A collection of papers on discourse markers in different languages, presented at the fifth conference of the International Pragmatics Association, Me×ico, in the summer of 1996.