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Genetic Sex Differentiation in Fish PDF Download

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Genetic Sex Differentiation in Fish

Genetic Sex Differentiation in Fish PDF Author: T. J. Pandian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1578087996
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 228

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Book Description
A comprehensive study of sex differentiation gonochoric and hermaphroditic fishes, this book examines sex chromosomes and sex determining genes, emphasizing the need to search for more than one sex-determining gene residing on different chromosomes. It traces the origin of hermaphrodites from secondary gonochores and explains the conservation of homologous sex differentiation and steroid receptor genes among gonochores and hermaphrodites. The author identifies the optimal broodstock size and the appropriate candidate species for bait. He shows that the analysis of steriles and mutants has demonstrated the value of fishes as a system for genetic dissection of human development and diseases.

Genetic Sex Differentiation in Fish

Genetic Sex Differentiation in Fish PDF Author: T. J. Pandian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1578087996
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 228

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Book Description
A comprehensive study of sex differentiation gonochoric and hermaphroditic fishes, this book examines sex chromosomes and sex determining genes, emphasizing the need to search for more than one sex-determining gene residing on different chromosomes. It traces the origin of hermaphrodites from secondary gonochores and explains the conservation of homologous sex differentiation and steroid receptor genes among gonochores and hermaphrodites. The author identifies the optimal broodstock size and the appropriate candidate species for bait. He shows that the analysis of steriles and mutants has demonstrated the value of fishes as a system for genetic dissection of human development and diseases.

Sex Determination and Differentiation in Fish

Sex Determination and Differentiation in Fish PDF Author: Avner Cnaani
Publisher: S Karger Ag
ISBN: 9783805592451
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 122

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Book Description
Sexual development in fish is characterized by extraordinary variation, including genetic and environmental sex determination, male and female heterogamety, single gene and polygenic systems, protandry, protogyny and simultaneous hermaphroditism, social influence on sexual determination, and many combinations and variations between and within these systems. In recent years, major breakthroughs have been made in studying sexual development in fish, attracting the attention of researchers in other fields such as developmental biology, genetics, evolution, ecology, conservation and aquaculture. This special issue brings together some of the recent hot topics in this field and provides an overview of the broad range of scientific aspects that benefit from knowledge on sexual development in fish. It presents ten reviews by international experts who explore the genetic basis of sex determination, gonadal differentiation, environmental effects on sexual development, evolutionary views and application in fisheries and aquaculture. An excellent source of up-to-date information, this publication is highly recommended to researchers and students interested in the evolution of sex determination, fish genetics and breeding.

Endocrine Sex Differentiation in Fish

Endocrine Sex Differentiation in Fish PDF Author: T. J. Pandian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466575603
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 321

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Book Description
Of all vertebrates, fish exhibit unparalleled diversity of sexual plasticity and flexibility, ranging from gonochorism to unisexualism, and exceptional patterns of functional hermaphroditism. Fish farming and monosex aquaculture have led to reproductive dysfunction with males producing less milt, and females failing to ovulate and spawn. This book brings together relevant information on the role of the endocrine system on sexual differentiation in fish, and bridges the gap between molecular endocrinologists and fishery scientists.

Sexual Plasticity and Gametogenesis in Fishes

Sexual Plasticity and Gametogenesis in Fishes PDF Author: Balasubramanian Senthilkumaran
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781626188488
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 456

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Book Description
Sex determination, differentiation and gamete maturation are well organized molecular events in vertebrates. In vertebrates, sex determination and differentiation are two important events in the development of gonads (testis or ovary). Sex determination is the genetic (sex chromosomes) or environmental process by which the sex (male or female) of an individual is established. During embryonic development, primordial germ cells migrate from the site of origin to the gonadal primordia where they differentiate along with somatic cells and finally form the indifferent/bipotential gonads. Depending on the action of various factors the bipotential gonads give rise to either testis or ovaries. In most vertebrates, excluding fishes and some amphibians, the event of sex determination is controlled genetically and later the progression of gonadal development is controlled by hormones and other factors. Interestingly, these processes in fishes are controlled not only genetically but also through hormones or environmental factors. These characteristics make fish the champions of sex reversal and serve as excellent animal models to precisely understand sexual development. The next interesting aspect is meiotic maturation which is essentially mediated by gonadotropins and progesterone metabolites to trigger final gamete maturation in fishes which is different from mammals. The novel aspects pertaining to gamete maturation has been studied in great detail in fish which depicts precise regulatory events of gamete maturation.

Environmental Sex Differentiation in Fish

Environmental Sex Differentiation in Fish PDF Author: T. J. Pandian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482254387
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 314

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Book Description
Fish constitute an important natural renewable resource and any reduction in their ability to propagate as a result of human interference may have significant socioeconomic consequences. The negative effect of human activity on sex differentiation and reproductive output in fish is so diverse that it has been difficult to encompass it in a single book. This book serves as the first attempt to do so. Unlike in mammals, the expression of a host of sex differentiation genes in fish is mostly controlled by environmental factors. Not surprisingly, environmental sex differentiation is ubiquitous in fish. Overexploitation by capture fisheries does not disrupt sex differentiation but crowding in aqua-farms does, by reducing accessibility to food supply. Some of the man-made chemicals routinely used worldwide mimic endogenous hormones. For example endosulfan, which is widely used in developing countries, disrupts endogenous hormones and feminizes fish. For the first time, this book views endocrine disruption from the point of labile early life and non-labile adult stages. It shows that sex can irreversibly be reversed, when exposed to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) during early labile stages but reversibly impairs reproductive output on exposure to EDCs during non-labile adult stage. A consequence of climate change, elevated temperature, and declining oxygen and pH levels is that it masculinises genetic female fish. Fish display a remarkable ability to postpone the labile period. Besides postponement, some primary and tertiary gonochores have two distinct labile periods amenable to temperature and hormonal manipulations. Hermaphrodites have retained the period until the end of the adult stage and are capable of sex change/reversal more than once in both male and female directions.

Genes and Mechanisms in Vertebrate Sex Determination

Genes and Mechanisms in Vertebrate Sex Determination PDF Author: Gerd Scherer
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN:
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 232

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Book Description
Following an opening chapter by the late Susumu Ohno on paralogues of sex-determining genes, the five best-studied genes essential for early mammalian gonadal development are portrayed in detail: SF-1 and WT1 and their roles in early events in gonadal development, SRY and SOX9 in testis determination, and the anti-testis gene DAX-1. Subsequent chapters look at the roles of these genes in sex determination in marsupial mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish, and review the different sex-determining mechanisms, genetic and environmental, that operate in these different vertebrate classes. Two insights emerge: one, that the same basic set of genes appears to operate during early gonadal development in all vertebrates, despite the differences in mechanisms; the other, that sex determination in vertebrates results from a complex network of regulatory interactions and not from a simple hierarchical cascade of gene actions.

Genetics and Fish Breeding

Genetics and Fish Breeding PDF Author: C.E. Purdom
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780412330407
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 302

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Book Description
Genetics and Fish Breeding provides a thorough review of this important subject, highlighting species which are bred commercially, such as salmon, trout, carp and goldfish. The author, who is an acknowledged expert in this subject, has drawn together a wealth of information, providing a book which should be bought by all fish biologists, fisheries scientists, geneticists and aquarists.

The Evolution of Sex Determination

The Evolution of Sex Determination PDF Author: Leo Beukeboom
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019163140X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 240

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Book Description
Sexual reproduction is a fundamental aspect of life. It is defined by the occurrence of meiosis and the fusion of two gametes of different sexes or mating types. Sex-determination mechanisms are responsible for the sexual fate and development of sexual characteristics in an organism, be it a unicellular alga, a plant, or an animal. In many cases, sex determination is genetic: males and females have different alleles or different genes that specify their sexual morphology. In animals, this is often accompanied by chromosomal differences. In other cases, sex may be determined by environmental (e.g. temperature) or social variables (e.g. the size of an organism relative to other members of its population). Surprisingly, sex-determination mechanisms are not evolutionarily conserved but are bewilderingly diverse and appear to have had rapid turnover rates during evolution. Evolutionary biologists continue to seek a solution to this conundrum. What drives the surprising dynamics of such a fundamental process that always leads to the same outcome: two sex types, male and female? The answer is complex but the ongoing genomic revolution has already greatly increased our knowledge of sex-determination systems and sex chromosomes in recent years. This novel book presents and synthesizes our current understanding, and clearly shows that sex-determination evolution will remain a dynamic field of future research. The Evolution of Sex Determination is an advanced, research level text suitable for graduate students and researchers in genetics, developmental biology, and evolution.

Sex Determination in Fish

Sex Determination in Fish PDF Author: T. J. Pandian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439879192
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 294

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Book Description
This book is the first to report that research in allogenics/xenogenics has conclusively shown that fishes have retained bisexual potency even after sexual maturity and spermiation. The XY genotype found in the unexpected female phenotypes sired by supermales (Y1Y2) and androgenic males (Y2Y2) points out the need to employ sex specific molecular ma

Environmental Sex Differentiation in Fish

Environmental Sex Differentiation in Fish PDF Author: T. J. Pandian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781482254372
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 314

View

Book Description
Fish constitute an important natural renewable resource and any reduction in their ability to propagate as a result of human interference may have significant socioeconomic consequences. The negative effect of human activity on sex differentiation and reproductive output in fish is so diverse that it has been difficult to encompass it in a single book. This book serves as the first attempt to do so. Unlike in mammals, the expression of a host of sex differentiation genes in fish is mostly controlled by environmental factors. Not surprisingly, environmental sex differentiation is ubiquitous in fish. Overexploitation by capture fisheries does not disrupt sex differentiation but crowding in aqua-farms does, by reducing accessibility to food supply. Some of the man-made chemicals routinely used worldwide mimic endogenous hormones. For example endosulfan, which is widely used in developing countries, disrupts endogenous hormones and feminizes fish. For the first time, this book views endocrine disruption from the point of labile early life and non-labile adult stages. It shows that sex can irreversibly be reversed, when exposed to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) during early labile stages but reversibly impairs reproductive output on exposure to EDCs during non-labile adult stage. A consequence of climate change, elevated temperature, and declining oxygen and pH levels is that it masculinises genetic female fish. Fish display a remarkable ability to postpone the labile period. Besides postponement, some primary and tertiary gonochores have two distinct labile periods amenable to temperature and hormonal manipulations. Hermaphrodites have retained the period until the end of the adult stage and are capable of sex change/reversal more than once in both male and female directions.