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Genetic Sex Differentiation in Fish PDF Download

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Genetic Sex Differentiation in Fish

Genetic Sex Differentiation in Fish PDF Author: T. J. Pandian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466517107
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 226

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Book Description
A comprehensive study of sex differentiation gonochoric and hermaphroditic fishes, this book examines sex chromosomes and sex determining genes, emphasizing the need to search for more than one sex-determining gene residing on different chromosomes. It traces the origin of hermaphrodites from secondary gonochores and explains the conservation of homologous sex differentiation and steroid receptor genes among gonochores and hermaphrodites. The author identifies the optimal broodstock size and the appropriate candidate species for bait. He shows that the analysis of steriles and mutants has demonstrated the value of fishes as a system for genetic dissection of human development and diseases.

Genetic Sex Differentiation in Fish

Genetic Sex Differentiation in Fish PDF Author: T. J. Pandian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466517107
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 226

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Book Description
A comprehensive study of sex differentiation gonochoric and hermaphroditic fishes, this book examines sex chromosomes and sex determining genes, emphasizing the need to search for more than one sex-determining gene residing on different chromosomes. It traces the origin of hermaphrodites from secondary gonochores and explains the conservation of homologous sex differentiation and steroid receptor genes among gonochores and hermaphrodites. The author identifies the optimal broodstock size and the appropriate candidate species for bait. He shows that the analysis of steriles and mutants has demonstrated the value of fishes as a system for genetic dissection of human development and diseases.

Sex Determination in Fish

Sex Determination in Fish PDF Author: T. J. Pandian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439879192
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 294

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Book Description
This book is the first to report that research in allogenics/xenogenics has conclusively shown that fishes have retained bisexual potency even after sexual maturity and spermiation. The XY genotype found in the unexpected female phenotypes sired by supermales (Y1Y2) and androgenic males (Y2Y2) points out the need to employ sex specific molecular ma

Sex Determination and Differentiation in Fish

Sex Determination and Differentiation in Fish PDF Author: Avner Cnaani
Publisher: S Karger Ag
ISBN: 9783805592451
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 122

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Book Description
Sexual development in fish is characterized by extraordinary variation, including genetic and environmental sex determination, male and female heterogamety, single gene and polygenic systems, protandry, protogyny and simultaneous hermaphroditism, social influence on sexual determination, and many combinations and variations between and within these systems. In recent years, major breakthroughs have been made in studying sexual development in fish, attracting the attention of researchers in other fields such as developmental biology, genetics, evolution, ecology, conservation and aquaculture. This special issue brings together some of the recent hot topics in this field and provides an overview of the broad range of scientific aspects that benefit from knowledge on sexual development in fish. It presents ten reviews by international experts who explore the genetic basis of sex determination, gonadal differentiation, environmental effects on sexual development, evolutionary views and application in fisheries and aquaculture. An excellent source of up-to-date information, this publication is highly recommended to researchers and students interested in the evolution of sex determination, fish genetics and breeding.

Environmental Sex Differentiation in Fish

Environmental Sex Differentiation in Fish PDF Author: T. J. Pandian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482254387
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 314

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Book Description
Fish constitute an important natural renewable resource and any reduction in their ability to propagate as a result of human interference may have significant socioeconomic consequences. The negative effect of human activity on sex differentiation and reproductive output in fish is so diverse that it has been difficult to encompass it in a single book. This book serves as the first attempt to do so. Unlike in mammals, the expression of a host of sex differentiation genes in fish is mostly controlled by environmental factors. Not surprisingly, environmental sex differentiation is ubiquitous in fish. Overexploitation by capture fisheries does not disrupt sex differentiation but crowding in aqua-farms does, by reducing accessibility to food supply. Some of the man-made chemicals routinely used worldwide mimic endogenous hormones. For example endosulfan, which is widely used in developing countries, disrupts endogenous hormones and feminizes fish. For the first time, this book views endocrine disruption from the point of labile early life and non-labile adult stages. It shows that sex can irreversibly be reversed, when exposed to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) during early labile stages but reversibly impairs reproductive output on exposure to EDCs during non-labile adult stage. A consequence of climate change, elevated temperature, and declining oxygen and pH levels is that it masculinises genetic female fish. Fish display a remarkable ability to postpone the labile period. Besides postponement, some primary and tertiary gonochores have two distinct labile periods amenable to temperature and hormonal manipulations. Hermaphrodites have retained the period until the end of the adult stage and are capable of sex change/reversal more than once in both male and female directions.

Sexual Plasticity and Gametogenesis in Fishes

Sexual Plasticity and Gametogenesis in Fishes PDF Author: Balasubramanian Senthilkumaran
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781626188488
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 456

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Book Description
Sex determination, differentiation and gamete maturation are well organized molecular events in vertebrates. In vertebrates, sex determination and differentiation are two important events in the development of gonads (testis or ovary). Sex determination is the genetic (sex chromosomes) or environmental process by which the sex (male or female) of an individual is established. During embryonic development, primordial germ cells migrate from the site of origin to the gonadal primordia where they differentiate along with somatic cells and finally form the indifferent/bipotential gonads. Depending on the action of various factors the bipotential gonads give rise to either testis or ovaries. In most vertebrates, excluding fishes and some amphibians, the event of sex determination is controlled genetically and later the progression of gonadal development is controlled by hormones and other factors. Interestingly, these processes in fishes are controlled not only genetically but also through hormones or environmental factors. These characteristics make fish the champions of sex reversal and serve as excellent animal models to precisely understand sexual development. The next interesting aspect is meiotic maturation which is essentially mediated by gonadotropins and progesterone metabolites to trigger final gamete maturation in fishes which is different from mammals. The novel aspects pertaining to gamete maturation has been studied in great detail in fish which depicts precise regulatory events of gamete maturation.

Endocrine Sex Differentiation in Fish

Endocrine Sex Differentiation in Fish PDF Author: T. J. Pandian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466575611
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 318

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Book Description
Of all vertebrates, fish exhibit unparalleled diversity of sexual plasticity and flexibility, ranging from gonochorism to unisexualism, and exceptional patterns of functional hermaphroditism. Fish farming and monosex aquaculture have led to reproductive dysfunction with males producing less milt, and females failing to ovulate and spawn. This book

Genes and Mechanisms in Vertebrate Sex Determination

Genes and Mechanisms in Vertebrate Sex Determination PDF Author: Gerd Scherer
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034877811
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 205

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Book Description
Following an opening chapter by the late Susumu Ohno on paralogues of sex-determining genes, the five best-studied genes essential for early mammalian gonadal development are portrayed in detail: SF-1 and WT1 and their roles in early events in gonadal development, SRY and SOX9 in testis determination, and the anti-testis gene DAX-1. Subsequent chapters look at the roles of these genes in sex determination in marsupial mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish, and review the different sex-determining mechanisms, genetic and environmental, that operate in these different vertebrate classes. Two insights emerge: one, that the same basic set of genes appears to operate during early gonadal development in all vertebrates, despite the differences in mechanisms; the other, that sex determination in vertebrates results from a complex network of regulatory interactions and not from a simple hierarchical cascade of gene actions.

Genetics of Sex Differentiation

Genetics of Sex Differentiation PDF Author: Ursula Mittwoch
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323158501
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 268

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Book Description
Genetics of Sex Differentiation intends to help readers understand the genetic basis of sex differentiation. The book focuses on explaining how the sex chromosomes affect the process of sex differentiation by influencing the rates at which cells divide. The book is composed of seven chapters. It provides overviews of classical genetics and structure of cells. It also explains the chromosomal basis of sex determination and sex determination using Drosophila. Polygenetics and continuous and quasicontinuous variations are also discussed. The book also discusses sex factors, determination, and disorders. Moreover, it explains the heterochromatin, embryological basis of sex differentiation, and triploidy and autosomal effects. In addition, it discusses the relationship of genes, chromosomes, growth, and sex. The book is an excellent ""bedside book"" for students in biology, specifically in genetics and developmental biology. Lecturers and professionals in biology and genetics will also find this book invaluable for their practice.

Temperature-Dependent Sex Determination in Vertebrates

Temperature-Dependent Sex Determination in Vertebrates PDF Author: Nicole Valenzuela
Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press
ISBN:
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 194

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Book Description
Edited by the world's foremost authorities on the subject, with essays by leading scholars in the field, this work shows how the sex of reptiles and many fish is determined not by the chromosomes they inherit but by the temperature at which incubation takes place.

Preservation of eggs and genetic sex discrimination in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Preservation of eggs and genetic sex discrimination in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) PDF Author: Marina Komrakova
Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag
ISBN: 386727066X
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 177

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Book Description