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Grammatical Theory

Grammatical Theory PDF Author: Stefan Müller
Publisher: Saint Philip Street Press
ISBN: 9781013294587
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 872

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Book Description
This book introduces formal grammar theories that play a role in current linguistic theorizing (Phrase Structure Grammar, Transformational Grammar/Government & Binding, Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar, Lexical Functional Grammar, Categorial Grammar, Head-​Driven Phrase Structure Grammar, Construction Grammar, Tree Adjoining Grammar). The key assumptions are explained and it is shown how the respective theory treats arguments and adjuncts, the active/passive alternation, local reorderings, verb placement, and fronting of constituents over long distances. The analyses are explained with German as the object language. This work was published by Saint Philip Street Press pursuant to a Creative Commons license permitting commercial use. All rights not granted by the work's license are retained by the author or authors.

Grammatical Theory

Grammatical Theory PDF Author: Stefan Müller
Publisher: Saint Philip Street Press
ISBN: 9781013294587
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 872

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Book Description
This book introduces formal grammar theories that play a role in current linguistic theorizing (Phrase Structure Grammar, Transformational Grammar/Government & Binding, Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar, Lexical Functional Grammar, Categorial Grammar, Head-​Driven Phrase Structure Grammar, Construction Grammar, Tree Adjoining Grammar). The key assumptions are explained and it is shown how the respective theory treats arguments and adjuncts, the active/passive alternation, local reorderings, verb placement, and fronting of constituents over long distances. The analyses are explained with German as the object language. This work was published by Saint Philip Street Press pursuant to a Creative Commons license permitting commercial use. All rights not granted by the work's license are retained by the author or authors.

Lexical-Functional Syntax

Lexical-Functional Syntax PDF Author: Joan Bresnan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405187816
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 549

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Book Description
Lexical-Functional Syntax, 2nd Edition, the definitive text for Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG) with a focus on syntax, is updated to reflect recent developments in the field. Provides both an introduction to LFG and a synthesis of major theoretical developments in lexical-functional syntax over the past few decades Includes in-depth discussions of a large number of syntactic phenomena from typologically diverse languages Features extensive problem sets and solutions in each chapter to aid in self-study Incorporates reader feedback from the 1st Edition to correct errors and enhance clarity

Formal Issues in Lexical-Functional Grammar

Formal Issues in Lexical-Functional Grammar PDF Author: Mary Dalrymple
Publisher: Center for the Study of Language (CSLI)
ISBN: 9781881526377
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 280

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Book Description
Lexical-Functional Grammar was first developed by Joan Bresnan and Ronald M. Kaplan in the late 1970s, and was designed to serve as a medium for expressing and explaining important generalisations about the syntax of human languages and thus to serve as a vehicle for independent linguistic research. An equally important goal was to provide a restricted, mathematically tractable notation that could be interpreted by psychologically plausible and computationally efficient processing mechanisms. The formal architecture of LFG provides a simple set of devices for describing the common properties of all human languages and the particular properties of individual languages. This volume presents work conducted over the past several years at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, Stanford University, and elsewhere. The different sections link mathematical and computational issues and the analysis of particular linguistic phenomena in areas such as wh-constructions, anaphoric binding, word order and coordination.

Lexical-Functional Grammar

Lexical-Functional Grammar PDF Author: Kersti Börjars
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107170567
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 231

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Book Description
A step-by-step introduction to lexical-functional grammar, using data from English and a range of typologically diverse languages.

Semantics and Syntax in Lexical Functional Grammar

Semantics and Syntax in Lexical Functional Grammar PDF Author: Mary Dalrymple
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262041713
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 426

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Book Description
This introduction to and overview of the "glue" approach is the first book to bring together the research of the major contributors to the field. A new, deductive approach to the syntax-semantics interface integrates two mature and successful lines of research: logical deduction for semantic composition and the Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG) approach to the analysis of linguistic structure. It is often referred to as the "glue" approach because of the role of logic in "gluing" meanings together. The "glue" approach has attracted significant attention from, among others, logicians working in the relatively new and active field of linear logic; linguists interested in a novel deductive approach to the interface between syntax and semantics within a nontransformational, constraint-based syntactic framework; and computational linguists and computer scientists interested in an approach to semantic composition that is grounded in a conceptually simple but powerful computational framework.This introduction to and overview of the "glue" approach is the first book to bring together the research of the major contributors to the field. Contributors Richard Crouch, Mary Dalrymple, John Fry, Vineet Gupta, Mark Johnson, Andrew Kehler, John Lamping, Dick Oehrle, Fernando Pereira, Vijay Saraswat, Josef van Genabith

The Oxford Reference Guide to Lexical Functional Grammar

The Oxford Reference Guide to Lexical Functional Grammar PDF Author: Mary Dalrymple
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198733305
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 856

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Book Description
This volume is the most comprehensive reference work to date on Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG). The authors provide detailed and extensive coverage of the analysis of syntax, semantics, morphology, prosody, and information structure, and how these aspects of linguistic structure interact in the nontransformational framework of LFG. The book is divided into three parts. The first part examines the syntactic theory and formal architecture of LFG, with detailed explanations and comprehensive illustration, providing an unparalleled introduction to the fundamentals of the theory. Part two explores non-syntactic levels of linguistic structure, including the syntax-semantics interface and semantic representation, argument structure, information structure, prosodic structure, and morphological structure, and how these are related in the projection architecture of LFG. Chapters in the third part illustrate the theory more explicitly by presenting explorations of the syntax and semantics of a range of representative linguistic phenomena: modification, anaphora, control, coordination, and long-distance dependencies. The final chapter discusses LFG-based work not covered elsewhere in the book, as well as new developments in the theory. The volume will be an invaluable reference for graduate and advanced undergraduate students and researchers in a wide range of linguistic sub-fields, including syntax, morphology, semantics, information structure, and prosody, as well as those working in language documentation and description.

Lexical Functional Grammar

Lexical Functional Grammar PDF Author: Mary Dalrymple
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 184950010X
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 498

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Book Description
Presents an overview and introduction to Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG), a theory of the content and representation of different aspects of linguistic structure and the relations that hold between them. This book also presents a theory of semantics and the syntax-semantics interface.

Lexical-Functional Grammar

Lexical-Functional Grammar PDF Author: George M. Horn
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110838699
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 404

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Book Description
TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks as well as studies that provide new insights by building bridges to neighbouring fields such as neuroscience and cognitive science. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.

Analyzing Syntax

Analyzing Syntax PDF Author: Paul Kroeger
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521016544
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 342

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Book Description
Analyzing Syntax: A Lexical-Functional Approach is a comprehensive and accessible textbook on syntactic analysis, designed for students of linguistics at advanced undergraduate or graduate level. Working within the Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG) approach, it provides students with a framework for analyzing and describing grammatical structure, using extensive examples from both European and non-European languages. Topics covered include: tests for constituency, passivization and other relation-changing processes, reflexive pronouns, the control relation, Topic and Focus, relative clauses and Wh-questions, causative constructions, serial verbs, quirky case , and ergativity. As well as building on what linguists have learned about language in general, particular attention is paid to the unique features of individual languages. While its primary focus is on syntactic structure, the book also deals with aspects of meaning, function and word-structure that are directly relevant to syntax. Clearly organised into topics, this textbook is ideal for one-semester courses in syntax and grammatical analysis.

Lexical-Functional Grammar

Lexical-Functional Grammar PDF Author: Miriam Butt
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description