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Lung Stem Cells in Development, Health and Disease

Lung Stem Cells in Development, Health and Disease PDF Author: Nikolic, Marko Z.
Publisher: European Respiratory Society
ISBN: 1849841349
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 392

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Book Description
Most organs in the adult human body are able to maintain themselves and undergo repair after injury; these processes are largely dependent on stem cells. In this Monograph, the Guest Editors bring together leading authors in the field to provide information about the different classes of stem cells present both in the developing and adult lung: where they are found, how they function in homeostasis and pathologic conditions, the mechanisms that regulate their behaviour, and how they may be harnessed for therapeutic purposes. The book focuses on stem cells in the mouse and human lung but also includes the ferret as an increasingly important new model organism. Chapters also discuss how lung tissue, including endogenous stem cells, can be generated in vitro from pluripotent stem cell lines. This state-of-the-art collection comprehensively covers one of the most exciting areas of respiratory science

Lung Stem Cells in Development, Health and Disease

Lung Stem Cells in Development, Health and Disease PDF Author: Nikolic, Marko Z.
Publisher: European Respiratory Society
ISBN: 1849841349
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 392

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Book Description
Most organs in the adult human body are able to maintain themselves and undergo repair after injury; these processes are largely dependent on stem cells. In this Monograph, the Guest Editors bring together leading authors in the field to provide information about the different classes of stem cells present both in the developing and adult lung: where they are found, how they function in homeostasis and pathologic conditions, the mechanisms that regulate their behaviour, and how they may be harnessed for therapeutic purposes. The book focuses on stem cells in the mouse and human lung but also includes the ferret as an increasingly important new model organism. Chapters also discuss how lung tissue, including endogenous stem cells, can be generated in vitro from pluripotent stem cell lines. This state-of-the-art collection comprehensively covers one of the most exciting areas of respiratory science

Stem Cell Innovation in Health & Disease: The Lung, Volume 2

Stem Cell Innovation in Health & Disease: The Lung, Volume 2 PDF Author: Ahmed El-Hashash
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128212071
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 174

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Book Description
In the lung, more recent data have been accumulated on lung stem cell biology/function and the potential applications of stem cells in pulmonary diseases that are facilitated by the recent development of a broad range of cutting edge in vitro and in vivo research tools and approaches, including mouse and human organoid cultures, genetic editing in vitro and in vivo, human induced pluripotent cell (iPS cell) models of disease, haploid cells for genetic as well as compound screening paradigms, genetically engineered mice, and stem cell transplantation to cure diseases. Stem Cell Innovation in Health and Disease: Volume 2: The Lung, contains two major sections describing cutting edge research for understanding stem cell functions in the lung and respiratory system, and for developing methods to bring stem cells from bench to bedside; respectively. Each section includes insights ranging from using mouse and human organoid cultures, genetic editing in vitro and in vivo, and human induced pluripotent cells (iPSCs) to study stem cell functions and model lung diseases, through the cutting-edge research aiming to bring stem cells from bench to bedside, including the potential application of iPSCs, ESCs and blood stem cells (stem cell transplants) in the treatment of lung diseases/disorders. This book, therefore, discusses the fact-based promise of stem cells and regenerative medicine in the lung in the real world. Provides intensive scientific background and most recent information on cutting edge research to understand respiratory stem cell functions and develop methods to bring stem cells from bench to bedside for different lung diseases Analyzes the current state, opportunities, and challenges of innovative technologies and stem cells from bench to bed, including organoids and iPSC-derived alveolar epithelia cell therapy in the lung Contains two major sections describing cutting-edge research for understanding stem cell functions and for developing methods specific to the lung

Stem Cells in the Lung

Stem Cells in the Lung PDF Author: Ivan Bertoncello
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319210823
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 366

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Book Description
This book presents a comprehensive overview of the current understanding of the organization of endogenous lung stem and progenitor cell compartments during fetal lung development, postnatal lung growth and in adulthood. Progressing stage by stage, the chapters on fetal lung development emphasize the integrated role of epithelial, stromal, vascular and neural cell elements in building a functional lung, while the subsequent chapters on adult lung regeneration describe the nature and properties of adult lung stem/progenitor cells distributed along the proximal-distal axis of the airway tree. The chapters on regulation of lung regeneration and repair discuss how regenerative cells interact with their niche microenvironment and how regulation of lung regeneration and repair in the steady state and following injury recapitulates ontogeny. And, lastly, the chapters on cellular therapies for lung disease and bioengineering the lung focus on promising emerging therapies and approaches in lung regenerative medicine. The scope of this volume of the Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine series focuses on exploring the topic of building and rebuilding the lung from a cellular rather than a molecular perspective. Thus, the section on cellular therapies does not include extensive coverage of each of the numerous lung diseases, including cancer, which could be amenable to stem cell-based therapies, although the final chapter does include some discussion on the future prospects and challenges. All of the contributors are working on the cutting edge of the lung stem cell field, making this book essential reading for those with an interest in the field of lung stem cell biology and the potential role of cellular therapies and tissue bioengineering approaches in lung regenerative medicine, including biomedical scientists, graduate students, post-graduate researchers and respiratory clinicians.

Developmental and Stem Cell Biology in Health and Disease

Developmental and Stem Cell Biology in Health and Disease PDF Author: Ahmed El-Hashash
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
ISBN: 1681082195
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 260

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Book Description
Research into stem cells started in the 1960s with experiments on spleen cultures. Evans and Kaufman made a breakthrough in mouse embryo culturing and embryonic stem cell extraction in 1981, followed by the work of Thomson in 1998 on the technique for extracting human embryonic stem cells. Since then, stem cell research has rapidly expanded as a therapeutic avenue for different diseases in humans. This book explains the basic developmental biology of stem cells including the development of stem cells during the implantation stage in utero to the regulation of stem cell division. Medical applications of stem cells in the therapy of diseases such as cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, and bone diseases are also explained in subsequent chapters. The book also explains the effect of parasitic cells on stem cell growth. Concepts in the book are explained in a simple clear manner, making this book an informative reference for non-experts, students and professionals in the field of biology and medicine.

The Lung

The Lung PDF Author: Ahmed El-Hashash
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128212063
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 174

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Book Description
In the lung, more recent data have been accumulated on lung stem cell biology/function and the potential applications of stem cells in pulmonary diseases that are facilitated by the recent development of a broad range of cutting edge in vitro and in vivo research tools and approaches, including mouse and human organoid cultures, genetic editing in vitro and in vivo, human induced pluripotent cell (iPS cell) models of disease, haploid cells for genetic as well as compound screening paradigms, genetically engineered mice, and stem cell transplantation to cure diseases. Stem Cell Innovation in Health and Disease: Volume 2: The Lung, contains two major sections describing cutting edge research for understanding stem cell functions in the lung and respiratory system, and for developing methods to bring stem cells from bench to bedside; respectively. Each section includes insights ranging from using mouse and human organoid cultures, genetic editing in vitro and in vivo, and human induced pluripotent cells (iPSCs) to study stem cell functions and model lung diseases, through the cutting-edge research aiming to bring stem cells from bench to bedside, including the potential application of iPSCs, ESCs and blood stem cells (stem cell transplants) in the treatment of lung diseases/disorders. This book, therefore, discusses the fact-based promise of stem cells and regenerative medicine in the lung in the real world. Provides intensive scientific background and most recent information on cutting edge research to understand respiratory stem cell functions and develop methods to bring stem cells from bench to bedside for different lung diseases Analyzes the current state, opportunities, and challenges of innovative technologies and stem cells from bench to bed, including organoids and iPSC-derived alveolar epithelia cell therapy in the lung Contains two major sections describing cutting-edge research for understanding stem cell functions and for developing methods specific to the lung

The Intestine

The Intestine PDF Author: Ahmed El-Hashash
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128212713
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 204

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Book Description
The intestine is among the leading organs, in which several cutting edge in vitro and in vivo research tools and approaches have recently been developed and used to investigate stem cell biology/function, and the potential applications of stem cells in the treatment of intestinal diseases. These cutting-edge research tools and approaches involve human and murine organoid cultures, genetic editing in vitro and in vivo, human induced pluripotent cell (iPS cell) models of disease, haploid cells for genetic as well as compound screening paradigms, genetically engineered mice, and stem cell transplantation to cure diseases. Stem Cell Innovation in Health and Disease: Volume 1: The Intestine contains two major sections describing cutting edge research for understanding stem cell functions in the intestine, and for developing methods to bring stem cells from bench to bedside; respectively. Each section includes insights ranging from using mouse and human organoid cultures, genetic editing in vitro and in vivo, and human induced pluripotent cells (iPSCs) to study stem cell functions and model intestinal diseases, through the cutting-edge research, including the potential application of iPSCs, ESCs and blood stem cells (stem cell transplants) in the treatment of intestinal diseases/disorders. This volume, therefore, discusses the fact-based promise of stem cells and regenerative medicine in the intestine in the real world. Provides intensive scientific background and most recent information on cutting edge research to understand intestinal stem cell functions and develop methods to bring stem cells from bench to bedside for different intestinal diseases Analyzes the current state, opportunities, and challenges of innovative technologies and stem cells from bench to bed, including organoids and the CRISPR gene editing system in the intestine Contains two major sections describing cutting-edge research for understanding stem cell functions and for developing methods specific to the intestine

Fishman's Pulmonary Diseases and Disorders, 2-Volume Set, 5th edition

Fishman's Pulmonary Diseases and Disorders, 2-Volume Set, 5th edition PDF Author: Michael A. Grippi
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 1259589129
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 2400

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Book Description
Turn to the field's definitive text for a thorough understanding of the clinical and scientific aspects of pulmonary medicine Since 1980, Fishman's Pulmonary Diseases and Disorders has delivered unparalleled coverage of pulmonary medicine and the underlying basic and applied science upon which clinical practice is based. The Fifth Edition, with 270 contributing authors, includes over 2,000 illustrations, 60 videos, and 18,000 references. The book opens with a comprehensive overview of the scientific basis of lung function in health and disease. It then provides detailed coverage of the broad array of diseases and disorders affecting the respiratory system, including obstructive and restrictive diseases, pulmonary vascular disorders, sleep-disordered breathing, lung neoplasms, respiratory infections, and respiratory failure, among others. The Fifth Edition has been completely updated to reflect the many advancements that have been made in pulmonary medicine over the past few years, including: Molecular development of the lung Stem cells and respiratory disease Genetics of pulmonary disease and the growth of personalized medicine Technical advances in lung transplantation Growth in immunology and immunosuppressive management Diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension Circadian rhythms and sleep biology Rapid evolution in lung imaging techniques, including functional imaging Contemporary interventional bronchoscopic techniques You will also find state-of-the-art coverage of the latest topics in critical care medicine, including: Early diagnosis and management of sepsis Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) Management of agitation and delirium in the ICU The newly defined entity of "chronic critical illness"

Eosinophilic Lung Diseases

Eosinophilic Lung Diseases PDF Author: Michael E. Wechsler
Publisher: European Respiratory Society
ISBN: 1849841438
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 275

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Book Description
A great deal of knowledge about eosinophilic lung diseases has been gained in the last few years, but unanswered questions concerning eosinophil biology still remain. It is in this context that this Monograph was developed. Broad in scope, the book bases its approach to the management of eosinophilic lung diseases on a fundamental understanding of eosinophil biology in health and disease. State-of-the-art reviews written by world-leading authorities and up-and-coming stars in the field take the reader on a journey through the different eosinophilic lung diseases. This Monograph will ensure the practicing clinician is better equipped to recognise and treat patients with eosinophilia, as well as appreciate the advances coming in the near future.

The Lung

The Lung PDF Author: Kent Pinkerton
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128002883
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 544

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Book Description
The second edition of The Lung: Development, Aging and the Environment provides an understanding of the multi-faceted nature of lung development, aging, and how the environment influences these processes. As an essential resource to respiratory, pulmonary, and thoracic scientists and physicians it provides an interface between the “normal and “disease cluster of chapters, allowing for a natural complement to each other. The interface between different lung diseases affecting the pediatric lung also adds a useful source for comparing how different lung diseases share key pathophysiological features. This same complementarity comes across in the logical line up of chapters dealing with the “normal pediatric lung. New research, including cell-based strategies for infant lung function, epigenetics, and prenatal alcohol exposure on lung development and function are some of the important additions to this edition of this reference work. Describes the normal processes of lung development, growth and aging Considers the effects of the environmental contaminants in the air, water, soil, and diet on lung development, growth and health Describes genetic factors involved in susceptibility to lung disease Covers respiratory health risk in children

Fetal and Neonatal Lung Development

Fetal and Neonatal Lung Development PDF Author: Alan H. Jobe
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316665178
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Lung disease affects more than 600 million people worldwide. While some of these lung diseases have an obvious developmental component, there is growing appreciation that processes and pathways critical for normal lung development are also important for postnatal tissue homeostasis and are dysregulated in lung disease. This book provides an authoritative review of fetal and neonatal lung development and is designed to provide a diverse group of scientists, spanning the basic to clinical research spectrum, with the latest developments on the cellular and molecular mechanisms of normal lung development and injury-repair processes, and how they are dysregulated in disease. The book covers genetics, omics, and systems biology as well as new imaging techniques that are transforming studies of lung development. The reader will learn where the field of lung development has been, where it is presently, and where it is going in order to improve outcomes for patients with common and rare lung diseases.