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A Sensory Approach to Improving Muscle Control: an Engineer's View on Optimal Fitness

A Sensory Approach to Improving Muscle Control: an Engineer's View on Optimal Fitness PDF Author: Martin L. Vanderhook
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1477179984
Category : Health & Fitness
Languages : en
Pages : 85

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Book Description
Now the reason for the rather extended title of this book is because the routine described herein conveys not only a common sense approach to staying physically fit. For each exercise can also be used, through employing the related mental technique, as a means to improve on the incisiveness of our initiating.

Biomechanical Principles on Force Generation and Control of Skeletal Muscle and their Applications in Robotic Exoskeleton

Biomechanical Principles on Force Generation and Control of Skeletal Muscle and their Applications in Robotic Exoskeleton PDF Author: Yuehong Yin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000640000
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 360

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Book Description
This book systematically introduces the bionic nature of force sensing and control, the biomechanical principle on mechanism of force generation and control of skeletal muscle, and related applications in robotic exoskeleton. The book focuses on three main aspects: muscle force generation principle and biomechanical model, exoskeleton robot technology based on skeletal muscle biomechanical model, and SMA-based bionic skeletal muscle technology. This comprehensive and in-depth book presents the author's research experience and achievements of many years to readers in an effort to promote academic exchanges in this field. About the Author Yuehong Yin received his B.E. , M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, in 1990, 1995 and 1997, respectively, all in mechanical engineering. From December 1997 to December 1999, he was a Postdoctoral Fellow with Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China, where he became an Associate Professor in July 1999. Since December 1999, he has been with the Robotics Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China, where he became a Professor and a Tenure Professor in December 2005 and January 2016, respectively. His research interests include robotics, force control, exoskeleton robot, molecular motor, artificial limb, robotic assembly, reconfigurable assembly system, and augmented reality. Dr. Yin is a fellow of the International Academy of Production Engineering (CIRP).

Modularity in Motor Control: From Muscle Synergies to Cognitive Action Representation

Modularity in Motor Control: From Muscle Synergies to Cognitive Action Representation PDF Author: Andrea d'Avella
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889198057
Category : Electronic book
Languages : en
Pages : 794

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Book Description
Mastering a rich repertoire of motor behaviors, as humans and other animals do, is a surprising and still poorly understood outcome of evolution, development, and learning. Many degrees-of-freedom, non-linear dynamics, and sensory delays provide formidable challenges for controlling even simple actions. Modularity as a functional element, both structural and computational, of a control architecture might be the key organizational principle that the central nervous system employs for achieving versatility and adaptability in motor control. Recent investigations of muscle synergies, motor primitives, compositionality, basic action concepts, and related work in machine learning have contributed to advance, at different levels, our understanding of the modular architecture underlying rich motor behaviors. However, the existence and nature of the modules in the control architecture is far from settled. For instance, regularity and low-dimensionality in the motor output are often taken as an indication of modularity but could they simply be a byproduct of optimization and task constraints? Moreover, what are the relationships between modules at different levels, such as muscle synergies, kinematic invariants, and basic action concepts? One important reason for the new interest in understanding modularity in motor control from different viewpoints is the impressive development in cognitive robotics. In comparison to animals and humans, the motor skills of today’s best robots are limited and inflexible. However, robot technology is maturing to the point at which it can start approximating a reasonable spectrum of isolated perceptual, cognitive, and motor capabilities. These advances allow researchers to explore how these motor, sensory and cognitive functions might be integrated into meaningful architectures and to test their functional limits. Such systems provide a new test bed to explore different concepts of modularity and to address the interaction between motor and cognitive processes experimentally. Thus, the goal of this Research Topic is to review, compare, and debate theoretical and experimental investigations of the modular organization of the motor control system at different levels. By bringing together researchers seeking to understand the building blocks for coordinating many muscles, for planning endpoint and joint trajectories, and for representing motor and behavioral actions in memory we aim at promoting new interactions between often disconnected research areas and approaches and at providing a broad perspective on the idea of modularity in motor control. We welcome original research, methodological, theoretical, review, and perspective contributions from behavioral, system, and computational motor neuroscience research, cognitive psychology, and cognitive robotics.

Neural Control of the Respiratory Muscles

Neural Control of the Respiratory Muscles PDF Author: Alan D. Miller
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000012875
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 472

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Book Description
First published in 1997. The respiratory muscles are multifunctional muscles involved in other behaviors besides breathing -- from the protection of the upper airway to cognitive functions such as speech or singing. Neural Control of the Respiratory Muscles presents an overall consideration of how these muscles are regulated by the central nervous system in normal as well as in pathological situations. A group of 40 internationally recognized scientists and clinicians have collaborated to discuss current findings in the field and to identify areas of future development such as o The anatomical and functional organization of the respiratory muscles and the mechanics of the chest wall o Respiratory muscle control by the central nervous system during normal breathing and during disease states o Respiration during sleep, exercise, and locomotion o Respiratory muscle contribution to non-respiratory behaviors; interaction of the central pattern generator for respiration with other central pattern generators o Multifunctional nature of respiratory muscles and respiratory neurons of the central nervous system Although other texts exist that examine the control of breathing and other specialized topics considered in this volume, Neural Control of the Respiratory Muscles is the first major single-volume publication that takes a broad view of muscle control during non-respiratory behaviors and the coordination of respiration with non-respiratory behaviors.

Neuronal Control of Muscle

Neuronal Control of Muscle PDF Author: Robert Gene Cassens
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Pork
Languages : en
Pages : 2

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Book Description


Molecular Control Mechanisms in Striated Muscle Contraction

Molecular Control Mechanisms in Striated Muscle Contraction PDF Author: R.J. Solaro
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401599262
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 468

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Book Description
Molecular Control Mechanisms in Striated Muscle Contraction addresses the molecular mechanisms by which contraction of heart and skeletal muscles is regulated, as well as the modulation of these mechanisms by important (patho)physiological variables such as ionic composition of the myoplasm and phosphorylations of contractile and regulatory proteins. For the novice, this volume includes chapters that summarize current understanding of excitation-contraction coupling in striated muscles, as well as the compositions and structures myofibrillar thick and thin filaments. For the expert, this volume presents detailed pictures of current understanding of the mechanisms underlying the CA2+ regulation of contraction in heart and skeletal muscles and discusses important directions for future investigation.

Multiple Muscle Systems

Multiple Muscle Systems PDF Author: Jack M. Winters
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461390303
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 801

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Book Description
The picture on the front cover of this book depicts a young man pulling a fishnet, a task of practical relevance for many centuries. It is a complex task, involving load transmission throughout the body, intricate balance, and eye head-hand coordination. The quest toward understanding how we perform such tasks with skill and grace, often in the presence of unpredictable pertur bations, has a long history. However, despite a history of magnificent sculptures and drawings of the human body which vividly depict muscle ac tivity and interaction, until more recent times our state of knowledge of human movement was rather primitive. During the past century this has changed; we now have developed a considerable database regarding the com position and basic properties of muscle and nerve tissue and the basic causal relations between neural function and biomechanical movement. Over the last few decades we have also seen an increased appreciation of the impor tance of musculoskeletal biomechanics: the neuromotor system must control movement within a world governed by mechanical laws. We have now col lected quantitative data for a wealth of human movements. Our capacity to understand the data we collect has been enhanced by our continually evolving modeling capabilities and by the availability of computational power. What have we learned? This book is designed to help synthesize our current knowledge regarding the role of muscles in human movement. The study of human movement is not a mature discipline.

Electrical Stimulation of Denervated EDL Muscles of Rats

Electrical Stimulation of Denervated EDL Muscles of Rats PDF Author: Douglas Eric Dow
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Creating Inclusive Learning Environments for Young Children

Creating Inclusive Learning Environments for Young Children PDF Author: Clarissa Willis
Publisher: Corwin Press
ISBN: 1412957192
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 222

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Book Description
This book provides information on common disabilities and practical strategies for creating inclusive environments and building student relationships.

Cellular Mechanisms of Skeletal Muscle Damage and Adaptation Following Eccentric Contractions

Cellular Mechanisms of Skeletal Muscle Damage and Adaptation Following Eccentric Contractions PDF Author: Todd Aaron McBride
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 264

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