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Stem Cells in the Respiratory System

Stem Cells in the Respiratory System PDF Author: Mauricio Rojas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1607617757
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 170

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Book Description
In this state-of-the-art exploration of a hugely dynamic and fast-evolving field of research, leading researchers share their collective wisdom on the role that stem cells could play in the context of physiological stress and lung injury. The text focuses on reviewing the most relevant—and recent—ideas on using local, endogenous, and exogenous progenitor/stem cells in preventing and treating injury to the lung. The lungs are one of the most complex organs in the human body, with a mature adult lung boasting at least 40 morphologically differentiated cell lineages. Our entire blood supply passes through the lung’s alveolar units during oxygenation. This interaction with the outside world, along with the intricacies of its structure, makes the lung a highly susceptible organ that is vulnerable to numerous types of injury and infection. This means that the mechanisms of lung repair are in themselves correspondingly complex. Because of their multipotentiality, as well as the fact of the lung’s relatively rapid cell turnover, stem cells are thought to be an important alternative cell-base therapy in lung injury. Despite the controversial nature of stem cell research, there has been growing interest in both local and endogenous stem cells in the lung. This highly topical book with chapters on everything from using mesenchymal stem cells in lung repair to the effect of physical activity on the mobilization of stem and progenitor cells, represents an exciting body of work by outstanding investigators and will be required reading for those with an interest in the subject.

Stem Cells in the Respiratory System

Stem Cells in the Respiratory System PDF Author: Mauricio Rojas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1607617757
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 170

View

Book Description
In this state-of-the-art exploration of a hugely dynamic and fast-evolving field of research, leading researchers share their collective wisdom on the role that stem cells could play in the context of physiological stress and lung injury. The text focuses on reviewing the most relevant—and recent—ideas on using local, endogenous, and exogenous progenitor/stem cells in preventing and treating injury to the lung. The lungs are one of the most complex organs in the human body, with a mature adult lung boasting at least 40 morphologically differentiated cell lineages. Our entire blood supply passes through the lung’s alveolar units during oxygenation. This interaction with the outside world, along with the intricacies of its structure, makes the lung a highly susceptible organ that is vulnerable to numerous types of injury and infection. This means that the mechanisms of lung repair are in themselves correspondingly complex. Because of their multipotentiality, as well as the fact of the lung’s relatively rapid cell turnover, stem cells are thought to be an important alternative cell-base therapy in lung injury. Despite the controversial nature of stem cell research, there has been growing interest in both local and endogenous stem cells in the lung. This highly topical book with chapters on everything from using mesenchymal stem cells in lung repair to the effect of physical activity on the mobilization of stem and progenitor cells, represents an exciting body of work by outstanding investigators and will be required reading for those with an interest in the subject.

Lung Stem Cells in the Epithelium and Vasculature

Lung Stem Cells in the Epithelium and Vasculature PDF Author: Amy Firth
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319162322
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 345

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Book Description
This book covers the identification and role of endogenous lung stem cells in health and disease, particularly the most recent advances. In addition, it discusses the rapidly growing field of stem cells and cell therapy as it relates to lung biology and disease as well as ex vivo lung bioengineering. Such approaches may provide novel therapeutic approaches for lung diseases. Human pluripotent stem cell differentiation to model the pulmonary epithelium and vasculature is also discussed. World-recognized scientists who specialize in studying both the lung epithelium and pulmonary vasculature contribute the chapters. Topics covered include: stem cell niches in the lung, the role of progenitor cells in fibrosis and asthma, iPSC in modeling lung disease, vascular repair by endothelial progenitor cells and circulating fibrocytes in pulmonary vascular remodeling. This volume of the Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine series is essential reading for researchers and clinicians interested in stem cells, lung biology and regenerative medicine. It is also an invaluable resource for advanced students studying cell biology, regenerative medicine and lung physiology.

Stem Cell-Based Therapy for Lung Disease

Stem Cell-Based Therapy for Lung Disease PDF Author: Janette K. Burgess
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 303029403X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 259

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Book Description
This book presents state-of-the-art pre-clinical models and clinical applications of stem-cell-based therapies applied to different lung diseases, with a special focus on the translation of bench data into clinical studies. Starting with the assumption that abnormal lung tissue repair and regeneration has emerged as the driving force underlying pathogenesis and progression in many lung diseases, it sheds new light on the potential of stem/stromal cells as drivers of repair and sources of reparative factors in the lung. The first part of the book offers an overview of stem cell types and mechanisms involved in lung development, homeostasis, repair and regeneration, and reveals the crucial role of the extracellular matrix within the lung microenvironment. In the second part, leading experts present the latest pre-clinical evidence and clinical applications of stem-cell-based therapies in a wide variety of lung diseases, ranging from COPD and lung fibrosis to other rare lung diseases. The last section discusses stem cell delivery systems and devices, such as aerosolised spray application. This book appeals to pneumologists, stem cell and matrix biologists, as well as bioengeneers with a special interest in regenerative medicine applied to pulmonary diseases.

Stem Cells in the Lung

Stem Cells in the Lung PDF Author: Ivan Bertoncello
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319210823
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 366

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Book Description
This book presents a comprehensive overview of the current understanding of the organization of endogenous lung stem and progenitor cell compartments during fetal lung development, postnatal lung growth and in adulthood. Progressing stage by stage, the chapters on fetal lung development emphasize the integrated role of epithelial, stromal, vascular and neural cell elements in building a functional lung, while the subsequent chapters on adult lung regeneration describe the nature and properties of adult lung stem/progenitor cells distributed along the proximal-distal axis of the airway tree. The chapters on regulation of lung regeneration and repair discuss how regenerative cells interact with their niche microenvironment and how regulation of lung regeneration and repair in the steady state and following injury recapitulates ontogeny. And, lastly, the chapters on cellular therapies for lung disease and bioengineering the lung focus on promising emerging therapies and approaches in lung regenerative medicine. The scope of this volume of the Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine series focuses on exploring the topic of building and rebuilding the lung from a cellular rather than a molecular perspective. Thus, the section on cellular therapies does not include extensive coverage of each of the numerous lung diseases, including cancer, which could be amenable to stem cell-based therapies, although the final chapter does include some discussion on the future prospects and challenges. All of the contributors are working on the cutting edge of the lung stem cell field, making this book essential reading for those with an interest in the field of lung stem cell biology and the potential role of cellular therapies and tissue bioengineering approaches in lung regenerative medicine, including biomedical scientists, graduate students, post-graduate researchers and respiratory clinicians.

Cell Therapy for Lung Disease

Cell Therapy for Lung Disease PDF Author: Julia Polak
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1848164394
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 504

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Book Description
This is the first book of its kind to bring together leading contributors in the field. With Professor Dame Julia Polak, a prominent academic, as the editor, the book provides a comprehensive overview of lung repair guiding readers from the basic science to clinical applications. The contributions are written by authors who are leading authorities on the topic, from the US, Japan, Australia and the UK.

Lung Stem Cells in Development, Health and Disease

Lung Stem Cells in Development, Health and Disease PDF Author: Nikolic, Marko Z.
Publisher: European Respiratory Society
ISBN: 1849841349
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 392

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Book Description
Most organs in the adult human body are able to maintain themselves and undergo repair after injury; these processes are largely dependent on stem cells. In this Monograph, the Guest Editors bring together leading authors in the field to provide information about the different classes of stem cells present both in the developing and adult lung: where they are found, how they function in homeostasis and pathologic conditions, the mechanisms that regulate their behaviour, and how they may be harnessed for therapeutic purposes. The book focuses on stem cells in the mouse and human lung but also includes the ferret as an increasingly important new model organism. Chapters also discuss how lung tissue, including endogenous stem cells, can be generated in vitro from pluripotent stem cell lines. This state-of-the-art collection comprehensively covers one of the most exciting areas of respiratory science

Isolation and Characterization of Cancer Stem Cells in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

Isolation and Characterization of Cancer Stem Cells in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer PDF Author: Kit-man Wong (Sunny)
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Cancer cells
Languages : en
Pages : 310

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Book Description


Lung, The: Developmental Morphogenesis, Mechanobiology, And Stem Cells

Lung, The: Developmental Morphogenesis, Mechanobiology, And Stem Cells PDF Author: Ahmed El-hashash
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813277084
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 204

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Book Description
With detailed scientific background and up-to-date research, this book examines recent developmental and cell biology, mechanobiology and stem cell biology discoveries to help provide a better understanding of lung development, repair and regeneration.Lung regeneration is an urgent therapeutic priority. The current major challenge is the generation of complex vascularized structures that can ultimately support or replace impaired lung function. Recent discoveries in biomedical engineering are analysed within the structural context of the lung to help provide a better understanding of the innovative solutions that could be used for restoring normal morphogenesis and regeneration of the lung. This also includes insights from basic developmental mechanisms of human lung development through the derivation and identification of stem cells, both from the early embryo as well as from differentiated organs and tissues.Suitable for a wide range of readers, including physicians and surgeons, scientists and researchers, and undergraduate and postgraduate students, this guide is an essential read for those working in the field of lung disease and development.

Liver, Lung and Heart Regeneration

Liver, Lung and Heart Regeneration PDF Author: Phuc Van Pham
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319466933
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 218

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Book Description
This invaluable resource discusses clinical applications with effects and side-effects of applications of stem cells in liver, lung and heart regeneration. All chapters are contributed by pre-eminent scientists in the field and covers such topics as cell therapy in the treatment of cirrhosis and other liver, heart and lung diseases, characteristics of hepatic progenitor cells, future directions of the discussed therapies and much more. Liver, Lung and Heart Regeneration and the other books in the Stem Cells in Clinical Applications series will be invaluable to scientists, researchers, advanced students and clinicians working in stem cells, regenerative medicine or tissue engineering.

Lung Stem Cell Behavior

Lung Stem Cell Behavior PDF Author: Ahmed El-Hashash
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331995279X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 105

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Book Description
This book reviews stem cell behavior in the lung as it relates to regenerative medicine and stem cell therapeutics. Topics ranging from basic developmental mechanisms of various types of lung stem cells through the identification and properties of stem cell behavior and their potential applications in lung repair and regeneration, are discussed by an expert in the field. These discoveries are placed within the structural context of tissue and developmental biology in sections dealing with recent advances in understanding of developmental lung stem cell biology and behavior and their potential applications. Lung Stem Cell Behavior is essential reading for researchers in stem cell biology and regenerative medicine, patient advocates, undergraduate students, graduate students, and clinicians interested in cellular therapy and tissue engineering therapies.