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Syntax and Semantics of Prepositions

Syntax and Semantics of Prepositions PDF Author: Patrick Saint-Dizier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402038495
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 356

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Book Description
This book is the first to provide an integrated view of preposition from morphology to reasoning, via syntax and semantics. It offers new insights in applied and formal linguistics, and cognitive science. It underlines the importance of prepositions in a number of computational linguistics applications, such as information retrieval and machine translation. The reader will benefit from a wide range of views and applications to various linguistic frameworks, among which, most notably, HPSG. The book is for researchers working in the fields of computational linguistics, linguistics, and artificial intelligence.

Syntax and Semantics of Prepositions

Syntax and Semantics of Prepositions PDF Author: Patrick Saint-Dizier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402038495
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 356

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Book Description
This book is the first to provide an integrated view of preposition from morphology to reasoning, via syntax and semantics. It offers new insights in applied and formal linguistics, and cognitive science. It underlines the importance of prepositions in a number of computational linguistics applications, such as information retrieval and machine translation. The reader will benefit from a wide range of views and applications to various linguistic frameworks, among which, most notably, HPSG. The book is for researchers working in the fields of computational linguistics, linguistics, and artificial intelligence.

Syntax and Semantics of Spatial P

Syntax and Semantics of Spatial P PDF Author: Anna Asbury
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027255037
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 428

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Book Description
The category P belongs to a less studied area in theoretical linguistics, which has only recently attracted considerable attention. This volume brings together pioneering work on adpositions in spatial relations from different theoretical and cross-linguistic perspectives. The common theme in these contributions is the complex semantic and syntactic structure of PPs. Analyses are presented in several different frameworks and approaches, including generative syntax, optimality theoretic semantics and syntax, formal semantics, mathematical modeling, lexical syntax, and pragmatics. Among the languages featured in detail are English, German, Hebrew, Igbo, Italian, Japanese, and Persian. This volume will be of interest to students and researchers of formal semantics, syntax and language typology, as well as scholars with a more general interest in spatial cognition.

Prepositions in Their Syntactic, Semantic, and Pragmatic Context

Prepositions in Their Syntactic, Semantic, and Pragmatic Context PDF Author: Susanne Feigenbaum
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027229564
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 318

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Book Description
The growing interest in prepositions is reflected by this impressive collection of papers from leading scholars of various fields. The selected contributions of Prepositions in their Syntactic, Semantic and Pragmatic Context focus on the local and temporal semantics of prepositions in relation to their context, too. Following an introduction which puts this new approach into a thematical and historical perspective, the volume presents fifteen studies in the following areas: The semantics of space dynamics (mainly on French prepositions); Language acquisition (aphasia and code-switching); Artificial intelligence (mainly of English prepositions); Specific languages: Hebrew (from a number of perspectives — syntax, semiotics, and sociolinguistic impact on morphology), Maltese, the Melanesian English-based Creole Bislama, and Biblical translations into Judeo-Greek.

Prepositions and Particles in English

Prepositions and Particles in English PDF Author: Elizabeth M. O'Dowd
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195354928
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 232

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Book Description
Elizabeth M. O'Dowd offers a new, discourse-functional account of the categories "preposition" and "particle" in English. She explains why certain words have membership in both categories, and solves many intriguing puzzles long associated with the syntax and semantics of these words. Based on linguistic data extracted from a series of actual conversations, O'Dowd provides new insights into how prepositions and particles are used, and how their meanings can change across different discourse contexts over time.

Prepositions and Complement Clauses

Prepositions and Complement Clauses PDF Author: Martti Juhani Rudanko
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780585064611
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 0

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Book Description
This provides a pioneering and data-oriented investigation of the syntax and semantics of important prepositional complementation patterns dependent on the prepositions in, to, at, on, with, and of in current English. The investigation is based on sample of matrix verbs that governs the pattern of sentential complementation. The data includes the Brown and LOB corpora, English dictionaries and grammars, and the intuitions of native speakers.

The Semantics of Prepositions

The Semantics of Prepositions PDF Author: Michel Aurnague & Laure Vieu
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110136340
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 544

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Book Description
The majority of the papers in this volume were presented at a workshop on the semantics of prepositions held at the Institut für Angewandte Informationsforschung in February 1990. The broader topic is the conceptualization of space. The papers bring together different approaches to the mental process of interpreting prepositions, in particular, the computational processing of prepositions as predications of different cognitive domains. While no one presentation can claim to be exhaustive, it is hoped that the insights contained will inspire future discussions within cognitive linguistics.

Adpositions

Adpositions PDF Author: Dennis Kurzon
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027229861
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 330

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Book Description
This book is a collection of articles which deal with adpositions in a variety of languages and from a number of perspectives. Not only does the book cover what is traditionally treated in studies from a European and Semitic orientation – prepositions, but it presents studies on postpositions, too. The main languages dealt with in the collection are English, French and Hebrew, but there are articles devoted to other languages including Korean, Turkic languages, Armenian, Russian and Ukrainian. Adpositions are treated by some authors from a semantic perspective, by others as syntactic units, and a third group of authors distinguishes adpositions from the point of view of their pragmatic function. This work is of interest to students and researchers in theoretical and applied linguistics, as well as to those who have a special interest in any of the languages treated.

Instruments and Related Concepts at the Syntax-Semantics Interface

Instruments and Related Concepts at the Syntax-Semantics Interface PDF Author: Koen Van Hooste
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110720361
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 408

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Book Description
Instruments constitute a classic member of the thematic role inventory, yet they are usually analyzed only peripherally, taking a back seat to the more studied members such as Agent and Patient. This dissertation investigates the semantic reality behind the label instrument from the functionalist perspective of Role & Reference Grammar. Starting from a theoretical investigation of what instrumentality truly means when contrasted with related concepts like comitatives, this book explores the morphosyntactic realization of instruments across a wide range of typologically diverse languages. Apart from the standard occurrences of instruments that come to mind from languages such as Latin, German or English, this book delves into several less common constructions that feature the instrument relation. Such constructions include, amongst others, passives with instruments and particularly the Instrument-Subject Alternation, a construction where the instrument seemingly appears as the subject of the sentence. This construction displays variation along three dimensions: 1) The instrument can vary from a very simple tool to a complicated machine, 2) the predicate can vary substantially and 3) languages differ widely with respect to the construction's acceptability. This makes for a complex playing field where the animacy of the instrument but also the aktionsart class of the predicate play a major role. The last section of this book deals with linking the semantics of instruments and related concepts to their morphosyntactic realizations, including the various encoding strategies that are available in any given language. This book also features a concise introduction to Role & Reference Grammar. Dissertations in Language and Cognition: This series explores issues of mental representation, linguistic structure and representation, and their interplay. The research presented in this series is grounded in the idea explored in the Collaborative Research Center 'The structure of representations in language, cognition and science' (SFB 991) that there is a universal format for the representation of linguistic and cognitive concepts.

The Syntax and Semantics of Pseudo-Incorporation

The Syntax and Semantics of Pseudo-Incorporation PDF Author: Olga Borik
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004291083
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 340

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Book Description
This volume brings together recent research on the semantics and syntax of pseudo-incorporation, bringing into focus new empirical data from a wide array of languages, offering new formal analyses of the phenomenon and strengthening the links with other related phenomena.

Challenges at the Syntax-Semantics-Pragmatics Interface

Challenges at the Syntax-Semantics-Pragmatics Interface PDF Author: Robert D. Van Valin Jr.
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1527569691
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 330

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Book Description
This volume brings together recent scholarship addressing a number of significant issues in linguistic theory and description, including verb classification, case marking, comparative constructions, noun phrase structure, clause linkage and reference-tracking in discourse. These topics are discussed with respect to a wide range of languages, including Bamunka (Bantu), Biblical Hebrew, Japanese, Persian, Pitjantjatjara (Australia), Russian and Taiwan Sign Language. The theoretical perspective employed in these analyses is that of Role and Reference Grammar (RRG), a theory which strives to describe language structure and grammatical phenomena in terms of the interaction of syntax, semantics and discourse-pragmatics. RRG differs from other parallel-architecture, constructionally-oriented theories in important ways, particularly with respect to the ability to formulate cross-linguistic generalizations. The ability of RRG to facilitate the formulation of cross-linguistic generalizations is exemplified well in the contributions to this volume. As such, this text makes important theoretical and descriptive contributions to contemporary linguistic discussions.