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The Chemistry of Nitrogen-rich Functional Groups

The Chemistry of Nitrogen-rich Functional Groups PDF Author:
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119311780
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 424

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Book Description
Nitrogen is unique among the non-carbon atoms in its ability to form single, double, and triple bonds with itself, giving rise to a wide range of organic-chemical groups containing several nitrogen atoms in different states and geometries. The present volume surveys the properties and chemical behaviour of all important nitrogen-rich organic-chemical groups, including azides, azimines, aziridines, diazo compounds, nitramines, nitrenes, nitrosamines, polyazine N-oxides, tetrazoles, triazanes, triazenes, and triazoles. A special focus lies on commercially important species which are used, e. g., as powerful explosives. PATAI's Chemistry of Functional Groups publishes comprehensive reviews on all aspects of specific functional groups. Each volume contains outstanding surveys on theoretical and computational aspects, NMR, MS, other spectroscopic methods and analytical chemistry, structural aspects, thermochemistry, photochemistry, synthetic approaches and strategies, synthetic uses and applications in chemical and pharmaceutical industries, biological, biochemical and environmental aspects. To date, almost 150 volumes have been published in the series.

The Chemistry of Nitrogen-rich Functional Groups

The Chemistry of Nitrogen-rich Functional Groups PDF Author:
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119311780
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 424

View

Book Description
Nitrogen is unique among the non-carbon atoms in its ability to form single, double, and triple bonds with itself, giving rise to a wide range of organic-chemical groups containing several nitrogen atoms in different states and geometries. The present volume surveys the properties and chemical behaviour of all important nitrogen-rich organic-chemical groups, including azides, azimines, aziridines, diazo compounds, nitramines, nitrenes, nitrosamines, polyazine N-oxides, tetrazoles, triazanes, triazenes, and triazoles. A special focus lies on commercially important species which are used, e. g., as powerful explosives. PATAI's Chemistry of Functional Groups publishes comprehensive reviews on all aspects of specific functional groups. Each volume contains outstanding surveys on theoretical and computational aspects, NMR, MS, other spectroscopic methods and analytical chemistry, structural aspects, thermochemistry, photochemistry, synthetic approaches and strategies, synthetic uses and applications in chemical and pharmaceutical industries, biological, biochemical and environmental aspects. To date, almost 150 volumes have been published in the series.

The Chemistry of Hypervalent Halogen Compounds

The Chemistry of Hypervalent Halogen Compounds PDF Author: Berit Olofsson
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 1119352304
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1032

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Book Description
The understanding of functional groups is the key to understanding organic chemistry. In the tradition of Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups each volume treats all aspects of functional groups, touching on theoretical, analytical, synthetic, biological, and industrial aspects. Hypervalent halogen compounds, in particular iodine compounds, are very efficient and selective oxidants which tolerate a wide range of functional groups. The electrophilic properties of these reagents can also be used to introduce other functionalizations. The present volume is the first in the series to survey the properties and chemical behaviour of hypervalent iodine and bromine, their use in organic synthesis, as well as their industrial application. As with all new volumes, the chapters are first published online in Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups. Once a volume is completed online, it is then published in print format. The printed book offers the traditional quality of the Patai Book Series, complete with an extensive index.

The Chemistry of Metal Phenolates

The Chemistry of Metal Phenolates PDF Author: Jacob Zabicky
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9781119083283
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 640

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Book Description
PATAI's Chemistry of Functional Groups publishes comprehensive reviews on all aspects of specific functional groups. Each volume contains outstanding surveys on theoretical and computational aspects, NMR, MS, other spectroscopic methods and analytical chemistry, structural aspects, thermochemistry, photochemistry, synthetic approaches and strategies, synthetic uses and applications in chemical and pharmaceutical industries, biological, biochemical and environmental aspects. To date, over 140 volumes have been published in the series. Metal phenolate chemistry provides synthetic routes to phenols and polyphenols (including calixarenes), which are important compound classes in biological processes such as ageing, signaling and cell repair. They are also increasingly used as scaffolds for pharmaceuticals, and as catalysts. The present volume extends and complements the previous volume, which was published in 2014.

The Chemistry of Organoboron Compounds, 2 Volume Set

The Chemistry of Organoboron Compounds, 2 Volume Set PDF Author:
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119518040
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1200

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Book Description
The ultimate resource in organoboron chemistry Professor Mark Gandelman and his colleagues delve deeply into the theory, structure, analysis, synthesis, and reactions of organoboron chemistry in The Chemistry of Organoboron Compounds. Organoborons are used heavily as highly efficient reagents in many reactions, including cross-coupling and radical reactions. The highly regarded authors have tied together organic-chemical and physico-chemical knowledge usually unavailable from a single source. The book focuses on the use of completely biodegradable "green" reagents, as opposed to environmentally hazardous heavy metal catalysts. The Chemistry of Organoboron Compounds delivers comprehensive and complete information on: The behavior of organoboron compounds The use of organoboron compounds in organic synthesis The commercial applications of organoboron compounds As a volume in the celebrated Patai book series, The Chemistry of Organoboron Compounds includes all the features that readers of that series are used to enjoying, including a comprehensive index at the back of the book.

The Chemistry of Organoaluminum Compounds

The Chemistry of Organoaluminum Compounds PDF Author: Laurent Micouin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119021464
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 528

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Book Description
PATAI's Chemistry of Functional Groups publishes comprehensive reviews on all aspects of specific functional groups. Each volume contains outstanding surveys on theoretical and computational aspects, NMR, MS, other spectroscopic methods and analytical chemistry, structural aspects, thermochemistry, photochemistry, synthetic approaches and strategies, synthetic uses and applications in chemical and pharmaceutical industries, biological, biochemical and environmental aspects. To date, over 140 volumes have been published in the series. This first volume on organoaluminum compounds in the series complements the recently published volumes on other areas of organometallic synthesis, notably the volumes on organoiron, organolithium, organozinc, organocopper and organomanganese compounds.

Nitrogen- and Oxygen- Rich Plasma Deposited Organic Coatings for Selective Cell Adhesion

Nitrogen- and Oxygen- Rich Plasma Deposited Organic Coatings for Selective Cell Adhesion PDF Author: Sara Babaei
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
"Cell-surface interactions have been identified to be of a primary relevance in a wide variety of biomedical applications. Despite the availability of a large number of studies, the cell-surface interactions are not still fully understood; thus, owing to the importance of these interactions, it is crucial to understand the nature of their governing parameters. Synthetic polymers play an important role in disease management and health care. However, due to the chemical inertness of their surfaces, their interactions with the biological environment can be improved by modifying the surface properties, for example by plasma polymerization. It is proposed that the physio-chemical properties of plasma polymers, such as surface chemistry and surface charge, have an important effect on their interactions with biological environments. Among different kinds of plasma polymers, i.e. a thin layer of organic macromolecules, the oxygen- and nitrogen-rich types have been found to promote cell adhesion, through interactions mediated by functional groups. These interactions can be rendered to be selective to certain cell types and therefore be exploited for selective cell adhesion applications and were studied in depth in this work. In order to fulfill this objective, in the first part of this thesis, a study on the design of a suitable set of coatings was carried out. Plasma polymerization of binary gas mixtures of a hydrocarbon and a heteroatom containing gas took place in a low-pressure glow discharge reactor to produce plasma polymers with tuneable concentration of N and O functional groups. The deposition parameters controlled the composition of the coatings and, subsequently, their surface charge between -28 mV and 26 mV at physiological pH. We also studied the effect of surface chemistry and protein adsorption on adhesion and differentiation of inflammatory cells to plasma polymer films containing tuneable concentrations of N and O functional groups. The protein adsorption measurements obtained from surface plasmon resonance, in line with cell culture experiments, suggests that presence of albumin on our surfaces may be an indicator of monocyte adhesion to the studied plasma polymers. As a novel biomedical application of plasma polymers, we showed that plasma polymer films can be used to separate two different types of mouse cells, namely fibroblast and pancreatic cells, and demonstrated promising features suitable for cell sorting applications. Sterilization is an inevitable step before any material could be used in medical applications. However, the sterilization procedures could alter the desirable characteristics brought by the surface modification. To investigate the impact of sterilization, the alterations in the physio-chemical properties and bio-performance of plasma polymers were studied after various types of sterilization techniques. The results revealed that different sterilization techniques had varying effects on the plasma polymer films of different compositions. Overall, all these findings provide a foundation to understand how cell and plasma polymer interactions can be governed by the design of surface properties. Moreover, the separation of two different cell types by plasma polymers opens up new opportunities to design novel adhesion-based cell sorting devices. " --

Environmental Chemistry

Environmental Chemistry PDF Author: Gary W. VanLoon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199228868
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 545

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Book Description
Chemistry is covered at just the right depth for students to develop a thorough understanding of natural processes.Chemical processes shape the world we live in; the air we breathe, the water we drink, the weather we experience. Guiding us through the chemical composition of the three key environmental systems; the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and terrestrial environment; the authors explain the chemical processeswhich occur within and between each system, allowing for better understanding of how they behave. We then see how human activity continues to affect the chemical behaviour of these environmental systems, and what the consequences of these natural processes being disturbed can be.

Handbook Of Porous Materials: Synthesis, Properties, Modeling And Key Applications (In 4 Volumes)

Handbook Of Porous Materials: Synthesis, Properties, Modeling And Key Applications (In 4 Volumes) PDF Author:
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9811223246
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1492

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Book Description
This four-volume handbook gives a state-of-the-art overview of porous materials, from synthesis and characterization and simulation all the way to manufacturing and industrial applications. The editors, coming from academia and industry, are known for their didactic skills as well as their technical expertise. Coordinating the efforts of 37 expert authors in 14 chapters, they construct the story of porous carbons, ceramics, zeolites and polymers from varied viewpoints: surface and colloidal science, materials science, chemical engineering, and energy engineering. Volumes 1 and 2 cover the fundamentals of preparation, characterisation, and simulation of porous materials. Working from the fundamentals all the way to the practicalities of industrial production processes, the subjects include hierarchical materials, in situ and operando characterisation using NMR, X-Ray scattering and tomography, state-of-the-art molecular simulations of adsorption and diffusion in crystalline nanoporous materials, as well as the emerging areas of bio-artificing and drug delivery. Volume 3 focuses on porous materials in industrial separation applications, including adsorption separation, membrane separation, and osmotic distillation. Finally, and highly relevant to tomorrow's energy challenges, Volume 4 explains the energy engineering aspects of applying porous materials in supercapacitors, fuel cells, batteries, electrolysers and sub-surface energy applications.The text contains many high-quality colourful illustrations and examples, as well as thousands of up-to-date references to peer-reviewed articles, reports and websites for further reading. This comprehensive and well-written handbook is a must-have reference for universities, research groups and companies working with porous materials.Related Link(s)

Nanocarbons for Electroanalysis

Nanocarbons for Electroanalysis PDF Author: Sabine Szunerits
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119243904
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 280

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Book Description
A comprehensive look at the most widely employed carbon-based electrode materials and the numerous electroanalytical applications associated with them. A valuable reference for the emerging age of carbon-based electronics and electrochemistry, this book discusses diverse applications for nanocarbon materials in electrochemical sensing. It highlights the advantages and disadvantages of the different nanocarbon materials currently used for electroanalysis, covering the electrochemical sensing of small-sized molecules, such as metal ions and endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), as well as large biomolecules such as DNA, RNA, enzymes and proteins. A comprehensive look at state-of-the-art applications for nanocarbon materials in electrochemical sensors Emphasizes the relationship between the carbon structures and surface chemistry, and electrochemical performance Covers a wide array of carbon nanomaterials, including nanocarbon films, carbon nanofibers, graphene, diamond nanostructures, and carbon-dots Edited by internationally renowned experts in the field with contributions from researchers at the cutting edge of nanocarbon electroanalysis Nanocarbons for Electroanalysis is a valuable working resource for all chemists and materials scientists working on carbon based-nanomaterials and electrochemical sensors. It also belongs on the reference shelves of academic researchers and industrial scientists in the fields of nanochemistry and nanomaterials, materials chemistry, material science, electrochemistry, analytical chemistry, physical chemistry, and biochemistry.

Electroanalytical Chemistry

Electroanalytical Chemistry PDF Author: Allen J. Bard
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498733794
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 232

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Book Description
This book continues the series Electroanalytical Chemistry: A Series of Advances, designed to provide authoritative reviews on recent developments and applications of well-established techniques in the field of electroanalytical chemistry. Electroanalytical techniques are used in a wide range of studies, including electro-organic synthesis, fuel cell studies, and radical ion formation. Each chapter in this volume provides comprehensive coverage of a subject area, including detailed descriptions of techniques, derivations of fundamental equations, and discussions of important related articles. The primary topics include: Nanoscale scanning electrochemical microscopy Electrochemical applications of scanning ion conductance microscopy Electrode surface modification using diazonium salts Each volume in the series provides the necessary background and a starting point for graduate students undertaking related research projects. They are also of particular interest to practicing analytical chemists concerned with learning and applying electroanalytical techniques and the fundamental theoretical principles upon which these techniques are based.