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The Syntax and Semantics of Pseudo-Incorporation

The Syntax and Semantics of Pseudo-Incorporation PDF Author: Olga Borik
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004291083
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 340

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Book Description
This volume brings together recent research on the semantics and syntax of pseudo-incorporation, bringing into focus new empirical data from a wide array of languages, offering new formal analyses of the phenomenon and strengthening the links with other related phenomena.

The Syntax and Semantics of Pseudo-Incorporation

The Syntax and Semantics of Pseudo-Incorporation PDF Author: Olga Borik
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004291083
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 340

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Book Description
This volume brings together recent research on the semantics and syntax of pseudo-incorporation, bringing into focus new empirical data from a wide array of languages, offering new formal analyses of the phenomenon and strengthening the links with other related phenomena.

Challenges at the Syntax-Semantics-Pragmatics Interface

Challenges at the Syntax-Semantics-Pragmatics Interface PDF Author: Robert D. Van Valin Jr.
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1527569691
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 330

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Book Description
This volume brings together recent scholarship addressing a number of significant issues in linguistic theory and description, including verb classification, case marking, comparative constructions, noun phrase structure, clause linkage and reference-tracking in discourse. These topics are discussed with respect to a wide range of languages, including Bamunka (Bantu), Biblical Hebrew, Japanese, Persian, Pitjantjatjara (Australia), Russian and Taiwan Sign Language. The theoretical perspective employed in these analyses is that of Role and Reference Grammar (RRG), a theory which strives to describe language structure and grammatical phenomena in terms of the interaction of syntax, semantics and discourse-pragmatics. RRG differs from other parallel-architecture, constructionally-oriented theories in important ways, particularly with respect to the ability to formulate cross-linguistic generalizations. The ability of RRG to facilitate the formulation of cross-linguistic generalizations is exemplified well in the contributions to this volume. As such, this text makes important theoretical and descriptive contributions to contemporary linguistic discussions.

Normalität in der Sprache

Normalität in der Sprache PDF Author: Franz d'Avis
Publisher: Helmut Buske Verlag
ISBN: 3875489586
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : de
Pages : 351

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Book Description
Franz d'Avis: Einleitung – Normalvorstellungen und Sprache Eva Breindl: Konnexion in argumentativen Texten. Gebrauchsunterschiede in Deutsch als L2 vs. Deutsch als L1 Holden Härtl: Normality at the boundary between word-formation and syntax Julia Kolkmann: What makes a 'default' interpretation? Considerations from English attributive possession Olav Müller-Reichau: Normalitätseffekte in Existenzsätzen des Russischen Sonja Müller: Normalität im Diskurs – Implikationsverstärkung in ('halt eben'-/'eben halt'-)Assertionen Frederike Eggs: Das personale Indefinitum 'man' Daniel Gutzmann & Katharina Turgay: Normalexklamationen – normal! Franz d'Avis: Konzessivität und Normalvorstellungen Sven Müller: Normalvorstellungen und Widerspruch in der Semantik konzessiver Konstruktionen Horst Lohnstein: Normalität und Interpretation – exklamativ und konzessiv

Verb Valency Changes

Verb Valency Changes PDF Author: Albert Álvarez González
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027265267
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 328

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Book Description
This volume surveys a variety of verb valency change phenomena among diverse languages and from diverse theoretical viewpoints. It offers typological studies comparing languages in topics like applicative polysemy, complex predicate formation and locative alternation, but also works describing the different valency-changing operations in specific languages including West Circassian, Huasteca Nahuatl, Tlachichilco Tepehua and Seri, and works dealing with specific valency change constructions, such as tla- constructions in Nahuatl, resultatives in Yaqui, antipassives in Mocoví, and labile verbs in Arabic. This book aims to put this variety of backdrops in perspective and to clarify the notion and mechanisms of verb valency change. Both scholars and expert readers will get in these works a better understanding of the different verb valency changing operations and of the typological aspects involved in this phenomenon, together with a better grasp of how argument realization and verb morphology are connected in some languages.

Niuean

Niuean PDF Author: Diane Massam
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192512110
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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Book Description
This volume explores the grammar of Niuean, an endangered Polynesian language spoken on the island of Niue and in New Zealand, with a focus on the issue of predication. Since Aristotle, it has been claimed that a sentence consists of a subject and a predicate. Niuean constitutes the perfect testing ground for this claim: it displays verb-subject-object word order, in which the subject interrupts the predicate, and has an ergative case system, in which subjects are not clearly distinguished from objects in their marking for grammatical case. Diane Massam uses the framework of generative grammar to carry out a detailed analysis of the internal structure of Niuean predicates and arguments, as well as the relations between them, touching on many other topics including the nature of displacement, word formation, determiners, and thematic roles. The proposal is that Niuean complex predicates are formed via successive inversion, prior to the merge of all arguments (high argument merge), and that the predicate undergoes fronting to initial position across the arguments, with the same structure found also in nominal clauses. The conclusion is that Niuean does not have a subject in the usual sense, and this is related to the fact that the language has isolating morphology, lacking all tense and agreement inflection and nominative case. Instead, the language exhibits low absolutive predication, applicative ergative agents, and predicate fronting in lieu of subject extraction. The book extends our understanding of cross-linguistic sentence structure and grammatical case, and will be of interest to scholars in the fields of Austronesian linguistics, typology, and theoretical linguistics.

Interfaces in Functional Discourse Grammar

Interfaces in Functional Discourse Grammar PDF Author: Lucia Contreras-García
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110711710
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 457

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Book Description
In grammar design, a basic distinction is made between derivational and modular architectures. This raises the question of which organization of grammar can deal with linguistic phenomena more appropriately. The studies contained in the present volume explore the interface relations between different levels of linguistic representation in Functional Discourse Grammar as presented in Hengeveld and Mackenzie (2008) and Keizer (2015). This theory analyses linguistic expressions at four linguistic levels: interpersonal, representational, morphosyntactic and phonological. The articles address issues such as the possible correspondences and mismatches between those levels as well as the conditions which constrain the combinations of levels in well-formed expressions. Additionally, the theory is tested by examining various grammatical phenomena with a focus both on the English language and on typological adequacy: anaphora, raising, phonological reduction, noun incorporation, reflexives and reciprocals, serial verbs, the passive voice, time measurement constructions, coordination, nominal modification, and connectives. Overall, the volume provides both theoretical and descriptive insights which are of relevance to linguistics in general.

Handbook of the Ainu Language

Handbook of the Ainu Language PDF Author: Anna Bugaeva
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 1501502875
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 868

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Book Description
The volume is aimed at preserving invaluable knowledge about Ainu, a language-isolate previously spoken in Hokkaido, Sakhalin, and Kurils, which is now on the verge of extinction. Ainu was not a written language, but it possesses a huge documented stock of oral literature, yet is significantly under-described in terms of grammar. It is the only non-Japonic language of Japan and is typologically different not only from Japanese but also from other Northeast Asian languages. Revolving around but not confined to its head-marking and polysynthetic character, Ainu manifests many typologically interesting phenomena, related in particular to the combinability of various voice markers and noun incorporation. Other interesting features of Ainu include vowel co-occurrence restrictions, a mixed system of expressing grammatical relations, which includes the elements of a rare tripartite alignment, nominal classification distinguishing common and locative nouns, elaborate possessive classes, verbal number, a rich four-term evidential system, and undergrammaticalized aspect, which are all explained in the volume. This handbook, the result of unprecedented cooperation of the leading experts of Ainu, will definitely help to increase the clarity of our understanding of Ainu and in a long-term perspective may provide answers to problems of human prehistory as well as open the field of Ainu studies to the world and attract many new students. Table of Contents Masayoshi Shibatani and Taro Kageyama Preface Masayoshi Shibatani and Taro Kageyama Introduction to the Handbook of Japanese Language and Linguistics Contributors Anna Bugaeva Introduction I Overview of Ainu studies Anna Bugaeva 1. Ainu: A head-marking language of the Pacific Rim Juha Janhunen 2. Ainu ethnic origins Tomomi Satō 3. Major old documents of Ainu and some problems in the historical study of Ainu Alfred F. Majewicz 4. Ainu language Western records José Andrés Alonso de la Fuente 5. The Ainu language through time Alexander Vovin 6. Ainu elements in early Japonic Hidetoshi Shiraishi and Itsuji Tangiku 7. Language contact in the north Hiroshi Nakagawa and Mika Fukazawa 8. Hokkaido Ainu dialects: Towards a classification of Ainu dialects Itsuji Tangiku 9. Differences between Karafuto and Hokkaido Ainu dialects Shiho Endō 10. Ainu oral literature Osami Okuda 11. Meter in Ainu oral literature Tetsuhito Ōno 12. The history and current status of the Ainu language revival movement II Typologically interesting characteristics of the Ainu language Hidetoshi Shiraishi 13. Phonetics and phonology Hiroshi Nakagawa 14. Parts of Speech – with a focus on the classification of nouns Anna Bugaeva and Miki Kobayashi 15. Verbal valency Tomomi Satō 16. Noun incorporation Hiroshi Nakagawa 17. Verbal number Yasushige Takahashi 18. Aspect and evidentiality Yoshimi Yoshikawa 19. Existential aspectual forms in the Saru and Chitose dialects of Ainu III Appendices: Sample texts Anna Bugaeva 20. An uwepeker “Retar Katak, Kunne Katak” and kamuy yukar “Amamecikappo” narrated in the Chitose Hokkaido Ainu dialect by Ito Oda Elia dal Corso 21. “Meko Oyasi”, a Sakhalin Ainu ucaskuma narrated by Haru Fujiyama Subject index

Countability in Natural Language

Countability in Natural Language PDF Author: Hana Filip
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107178665
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 309

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Book Description
Bringing together an international group of researchers, this innovative volume presents the state-of-the-art in research into countability.

Nominal anchoring

Nominal anchoring PDF Author: Kata Balogh
Publisher: Language Science Press
ISBN: 3961102848
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 211

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Book Description
The papers in this volume address to different degrees issues on the relationship of articles systems and the pragmatic notions of definiteness and specificity in typologically diverse languages: Vietnamese, Siwi (Berber), Russian, Mopan (Mayan), Persian, Danish and Swedish. The main questions that motivate this volume are: How do languages with and without an article system go about helping the hearer to recognize whether a given noun phrase should be interpreted as definite, specific or non-specific? Is there clear-cut semantic definiteness without articles or do we find systematic ambiguity regarding the interpretation of bare noun phrases? If there is ambiguity, can we still posit one reading as the default? What exactly do articles in languages encode that are not analyzed as straightforwardly coding (in)definiteness? Do we find linguistic tools in these languages that are similar to those found in languages without articles? Most contributions report on research on different corpora and elicited data or present the outcome of various experimental studies. One paper presents a diachronic study of the emergence of article systems. On the issue of how languages with and without articles guide the hearer to the conclusion that a given noun phrase should be interpreted as definite, specific or non-specific, the studies in this paper argue for similar strategies. The languages investigated in this volume use constructions and linguistic tools that receive a final interpretation based on discourse prominence considerations and various aspects of the syntax-semantics interface. In case of ambiguity between these readings, the default interpretation is given by factors (e. g., familiarity, uniqueness) that are known to contribute to the salience of phrases, but may be overridden by discourse prominence. Articles that do not straightforwardly mark (in)definiteness encode different kinds of specificity. In the languages studied in this volume, whether they have articles or do not have an article system, we find similar factors and linguistic tools in the calculation process of interpretations. The volume contains revised selected papers from the workshop entitled Specificity, definiteness and article systems across languages held at the 40th Annual Conference of the German Linguistic Society (DGfS), 7-9 March, 2018 at the University of Stuttgart.

The Oxford Handbook of Grammatical Number

The Oxford Handbook of Grammatical Number PDF Author: Patricia Cabredo Hofherr
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192515373
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 752

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Book Description
This volume offers detailed accounts of current research in grammatical number in language. Following a detailed introduction, the chapters in the first three parts of the book explore the multiple research questions in the field and the complex problems surrounding the analysis of grammatical number: Part I presents the background and foundational notions, Part II the morphological, semantic, and syntactic aspects, and Part III the different means of expressing plurality in the event domain. The final part offers fifteen case studies that include in-depth discussion of grammatical number phenomena in a range of typologically diverse languages, written by - or in collaboration with - native speakers linguists or based on extensive fieldwork. The volume draws on work from a range of subdisciplines - including morphology, syntax, semantics, and psycholinguistics - and will be a valuable resource for students and scholars in all areas of theoretical, descriptive, and experimental linguistics.