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Universal Languages and Scientific Taxonomy in the Seventeenth Century

Universal Languages and Scientific Taxonomy in the Seventeenth Century PDF Author: M. M. Slaughter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521244773
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 277

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Book Description
Examines highly regarded proposals during the seventeenth century for an artificial language intended to replace Latin as the international medium of communication.

Universal Languages and Scientific Taxonomy in the Seventeenth Century

Universal Languages and Scientific Taxonomy in the Seventeenth Century PDF Author: M. M. Slaughter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521244773
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 277

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Book Description
Examines highly regarded proposals during the seventeenth century for an artificial language intended to replace Latin as the international medium of communication.

The New Philosophy and Universal Languages in Seventeenth-century England

The New Philosophy and Universal Languages in Seventeenth-century England PDF Author: Robert E. Stillman
Publisher: Bucknell University Press
ISBN: 9780838753101
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 359

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Book Description
Robert E. Stillman's book is an effort to restore the neglected history of those new philosophies of seventeenth-century England that sought to align themselves not with radical ideologies, but with the conservative interests of centralizing state power. Against the background of England's universal language movement, his study traces the development of three distinguishable philosophical projects, organized upon three distinguishable theories of language. In all three, a more perfect language comprises both a model and a means for achieving a more perfect philosophy, and that philosophy, in turn, a vehicle for promoting political authority in the state. Those three projects are the new philosophies of Lord Chancellor Bacon, Thomas Hobbes, and Bishop John Wilkins, all of which can be usefully understood in the broader context of the century's cultural politics and in the more specific circumstances of the century's fascination with the construction of a universal language. Bacon, Hobbes, and Wilkins construct philosophies out of deeply held convictions about the need to provide a saving form of knowledge to remedy cultural crises. That saving form of knowledge, as it develops in the lines of linguistic thought that extend from Bacon's Instauration to Wilkins's Philosophical Language, is both a product of and one potent agent in producing the emerging, scientistically designed, modern state.

Philosophical Languages in the Seventeenth Century

Philosophical Languages in the Seventeenth Century PDF Author: Jaap Maat
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400710364
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 419

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Book Description
This book discusses three linguistic projects carried out in the seventeenth century: the artificial languages created by Dalgamo and Wilkins, and Leibniz's uncompleted scheme. It treats each of the projects as self contained undertakings, which deserve to be studied and judged in their own right. For this reason, the two artificial languages, as well as Leib niz's work in this area, are described in considerable detail. At the same time, the characteristics of these schemes are linked with their intellectual context, and their multiple interrelations are examined at some length. In this way, the book seeks to combine a systematical with a historical ap proach to the subject, in the hope that both approaches profit from the combination. When I first started the research on which this book is based, I intended to look only briefly into the seventeenth-century schemes, which I assumed represented a typical universalist approach to the study of lan guage, as opposed to a relativistic one. The authors of these schemes thought, or so the assumption was, that almost the only thing required for a truly universal language was the systematic labelling of the items of an apparently readily available, universal catalogue of everything that exists.

The Study of Language in 17th-Century England

The Study of Language in 17th-Century England PDF Author: Vivian Salmon
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027286116
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 218

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Book Description
This volume brings together a number of papers by Vivian Salmon, previously published in various journals and collections that are unfamiliar, and perhaps even inaccessible, to historians of the study of language. The central theme of the volume is the study of language in England in the 17th century. Papers in the first section treat aspects of the history of language teaching. The second section consists of three articles on the history of grammatical theory. The papers in the third and final section deal with the search for the ‘universal language’.

Scientific Babel

Scientific Babel PDF Author: Michael D. Gordin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022600032X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 424

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Book Description
English is the language of science today. No matter which languages you know, if you want your work seen, studied, and cited, you need to publish in English. But that hasn’t always been the case. Though there was a time when Latin dominated the field, for centuries science has been a polyglot enterprise, conducted in a number of languages whose importance waxed and waned over time—until the rise of English in the twentieth century. So how did we get from there to here? How did French, German, Latin, Russian, and even Esperanto give way to English? And what can we reconstruct of the experience of doing science in the polyglot past? With Scientific Babel, Michael D. Gordin resurrects that lost world, in part through an ingenious mechanism: the pages of his highly readable narrative account teem with footnotes—not offering background information, but presenting quoted material in its original language. The result is stunning: as we read about the rise and fall of languages, driven by politics, war, economics, and institutions, we actually see it happen in the ever-changing web of multilingual examples. The history of science, and of English as its dominant language, comes to life, and brings with it a new understanding not only of the frictions generated by a scientific community that spoke in many often mutually unintelligible voices, but also of the possibilities of the polyglot, and the losses that the dominance of English entails. Few historians of science write as well as Gordin, and Scientific Babel reveals his incredible command of the literature, language, and intellectual essence of science past and present. No reader who takes this linguistic journey with him will be disappointed.

English Prose of the Seventeenth Century 1590-1700

English Prose of the Seventeenth Century 1590-1700 PDF Author: Roger Pooley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317901584
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 338

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Book Description
This is the first book-length history of the range of seventeenth-century English prose writing. Roger Pooley's study begins with narrative, ranging from the fiction of Bunyan and Aphra Behn to the biographical and autobiographical work of Aubrey and Pepys. Further sections consider religious prose from the hugely influential Authorised Version to Donne's sermons, the political writing of figures as diverse as Milton, Hobbes, Locke and Marvell, cornucopian texts and the writings of the new scientists from Bacon to Newton. At a time when the boundaries of the `canon' are being increasingly revised, this is not only a major survey of a series of great works of literature, but also a fascinating social history and a guide to understanding the literature of the period as a whole.

The Poetics of Scientific Investigation in Seventeenth-Century England

The Poetics of Scientific Investigation in Seventeenth-Century England PDF Author: Claire Preston
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191009970
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Book Description
The writing of science in the period 1580-1700 is artfully, diffidently, carelessly, boldly, and above all self-consciously literary. The Poetics of Scientific Investigation in Seventeenth-Century English Literature considers the literary textures of science writing — its rhetorical figures, neologisms, its uses of parody, romance, and various kinds of verse. The experimental and social practices of science are examined through literary representations of the laboratory, of collaborative retirement, of virtual, epistolary conversation, and of an imagined paradise of investigative fellowship and learning. Claire Preston argues that the rhetorical, generic, and formal qualities of scientific writing are also the intellectual processes of early-modern science itself. How was science to be written in this period? That question, which piqued natural philosophers who were searching for apt conventions of scientific language and report, was initially resolved by the humanist rhetorical and generic skills in which they were already highly trained. At the same time non-scientific writers, enthralled by the developments of science, were quick to deploy ideas and images from astronomy, optics, chemistry, biology, and medical practices. Practising scientists and inspired laymen or quasi-scientists produced new, adjusted, or hybrid literary forms, often collapsing the distinction between the factual and the imaginative, between the rhetorically ornate and the plain. Early-modern science and its literary vehicles are frequently indistinguishable, scientific practice and scientific expression mutually involved. Among the major writers discussed are Montaigne, Bacon, Donne, Browne, Lovelace, Boyle, Sprat, Oldenburg, Evelyn, Cowley, and Dryden.

The Bible, Protestantism, and the Rise of Natural Science

The Bible, Protestantism, and the Rise of Natural Science PDF Author: Peter Harrison
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521000963
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 313

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Book Description
An examination of the role played by the Bible in the emergence of natural science.

British Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century

British Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century PDF Author: Sarah Hutton
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019105951X
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 256

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Book Description
Sarah Hutton presents a rich historical study of one of the most fertile periods in modern philosophy. It was in the seventeenth century that Britain's first philosophers of international stature and lasting influence emerged. Its most famous names, Hobbes and Locke, rank alongside the greatest names in the European philosophical canon. Bacon too belongs with this constellation of great thinkers, although his status as a philosopher tends to be obscured by his status as father of modern science. The seventeenth century is normally regarded as the dawn of modernity following the breakdown of the Aristotelian synthesis which had dominated intellectual life since the middle ages. In this period of transformational change, Bacon, Hobbes, Locke are acknowledged to have contributed significantly to the shape of European philosophy from their own time to the present day. But these figures did not work in isolation. Sarah Hutton places them in their intellectual context, including the social, political and religious conditions in which philosophy was practised. She treats seventeenth-century philosophy as an ongoing conversation: like all conversations, some voices will dominate, some will be more persuasive than others and there will be enormous variations in tone from the polite to polemical, matter-of-fact, intemperate. The conversation model allows voices to be heard which would otherwise be discounted. Hutton shows the importance of figures normally regarded as 'minor' players in philosophy (e.g. Herbert of Cherbury, Cudworth, More, Burthogge, Norris, Toland) as well as others who have been completely overlooked, notably female philosophers. Crucially, instead of emphasizing the break between seventeenth-century philosophy and its past, the conversation model makes it possible to trace continuities between the Renaissance and seventeenth century, across the seventeenth century and into the eighteenth century, while at the same time acknowledging the major changes which occurred.

Rhetoric, Science, and Magic in Seventeenth-century England

Rhetoric, Science, and Magic in Seventeenth-century England PDF Author: Ryan J. Stark
Publisher: CUA Press
ISBN: 0813215781
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 234

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Book Description
Ryan J. Stark presents a spiritually sensitive, interdisciplinary, and original discussion of early modern English rhetoric. He shows specifically how experimental philosophers attempted to disenchant language